Using the rabbit as an animal model, this study evaluated the long-term effect of silver nanoparticles (NPs) administered intravenously (0.6mg/kg bw) on reproductive activity and sperm quality. Semen analysis was performed by optical microscopy and sperm motility evaluation by computer assisted sperm analyzer (CASA). Mitochondria oxygen consumption, light and transmission electron microscopy of rabbit testis and ejaculated sperm were also carried out. Throughout the experiment NP-treated rabbits showed higher seminal reactive oxygen species (ROS), less motile sperm, and lower curvilinear velocity and oxygen consumption than control animals. In contrast, libido, serum testosterone, sperm concentration, and semen volume were hardly affected by NPs. Transmission electron microscopy analysis did not show any evident morphological damage in testes; however, Ag NPs are visible in spermatids and ejaculated sperm. These preliminary results show that Ag NPs can reach the testes, compromising sperm motility, sperm speed, and acrosome and mitochondria shape and function. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

Castellini, C., Ruggeri, S., Mattioli, S., Bernardini, G., Macchioni, L., Moretti, E., et al. (2014). Long-term effects of silver nanoparticles on reproductive activity of rabbit buck. SYSTEMS BIOLOGY IN REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE, 60(3), 143-150 [10.3109/19396368.2014.891163.].

Long-term effects of silver nanoparticles on reproductive activity of rabbit buck

Moretti, Elena;Collodel, Giulia
2014

Abstract

Using the rabbit as an animal model, this study evaluated the long-term effect of silver nanoparticles (NPs) administered intravenously (0.6mg/kg bw) on reproductive activity and sperm quality. Semen analysis was performed by optical microscopy and sperm motility evaluation by computer assisted sperm analyzer (CASA). Mitochondria oxygen consumption, light and transmission electron microscopy of rabbit testis and ejaculated sperm were also carried out. Throughout the experiment NP-treated rabbits showed higher seminal reactive oxygen species (ROS), less motile sperm, and lower curvilinear velocity and oxygen consumption than control animals. In contrast, libido, serum testosterone, sperm concentration, and semen volume were hardly affected by NPs. Transmission electron microscopy analysis did not show any evident morphological damage in testes; however, Ag NPs are visible in spermatids and ejaculated sperm. These preliminary results show that Ag NPs can reach the testes, compromising sperm motility, sperm speed, and acrosome and mitochondria shape and function. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Castellini, C., Ruggeri, S., Mattioli, S., Bernardini, G., Macchioni, L., Moretti, E., et al. (2014). Long-term effects of silver nanoparticles on reproductive activity of rabbit buck. SYSTEMS BIOLOGY IN REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE, 60(3), 143-150 [10.3109/19396368.2014.891163.].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/46702
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