BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is currently considered a valid alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for the prevention of stroke in high-risk patients. One of the most important issues for both of these techniques is carotid restenosis. The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence of post-CEA and post-CAS restenosis in a large cohort of patients in a single high-volume center. METHODS: Between December 2000 and December 2010, 2453 CEA and 2628 CAS procedures were performed in the Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Unit at our institution. The mean age of patients was 73.8 years (range 55‒89 years), 78% of whom were men. Indications for carotid revascularization were: presence of symptomatic carotid artery stenosis of >70%, or asymptomatic stenosis of at least 80%, especially in patients with vulnerable plaques. RESULTS: Mild and long-term results after CEA and CAS were similar. The overall perioperative neurologic complication rate (minor and major stroke) was similar in the 2 groups. At 1-year follow-up the restenosis rate after CEA was 1.58%. In-stent restenosis after CAS occurred in 1.67% of the procedures. All but 3 arteries had been treated for postsurgical restenosis. All lesions were approached secondarily with endovascular procedures. Statistical analysis demonstrated that post-CEA restenosis was the most important predictive factor for the development of in-stent restenosis after CAS. CONCLUSIONS: This review of our 10-year experience confirms that patients who develop restenosis after CEA are also prone to developing in-stent restenosis after CAS.

Setacci, F., Sirignano, P., Galzerano, G., DE DONATO, G., Cappelli, A., Setacci, C. (2013). Carotid restenosis after endarterectomy and stenting: a critical issue?. ANNALS OF VASCULAR SURGERY, 27, 888-893 [10.1016/j.avsg.2013.02.013].

Carotid restenosis after endarterectomy and stenting: a critical issue?

SETACCI, FRANCESCO;DE DONATO, GIANMARCO;CAPPELLI, ALESSANDRO;SETACCI, CARLO
2013-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is currently considered a valid alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for the prevention of stroke in high-risk patients. One of the most important issues for both of these techniques is carotid restenosis. The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence of post-CEA and post-CAS restenosis in a large cohort of patients in a single high-volume center. METHODS: Between December 2000 and December 2010, 2453 CEA and 2628 CAS procedures were performed in the Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Unit at our institution. The mean age of patients was 73.8 years (range 55‒89 years), 78% of whom were men. Indications for carotid revascularization were: presence of symptomatic carotid artery stenosis of >70%, or asymptomatic stenosis of at least 80%, especially in patients with vulnerable plaques. RESULTS: Mild and long-term results after CEA and CAS were similar. The overall perioperative neurologic complication rate (minor and major stroke) was similar in the 2 groups. At 1-year follow-up the restenosis rate after CEA was 1.58%. In-stent restenosis after CAS occurred in 1.67% of the procedures. All but 3 arteries had been treated for postsurgical restenosis. All lesions were approached secondarily with endovascular procedures. Statistical analysis demonstrated that post-CEA restenosis was the most important predictive factor for the development of in-stent restenosis after CAS. CONCLUSIONS: This review of our 10-year experience confirms that patients who develop restenosis after CEA are also prone to developing in-stent restenosis after CAS.
Setacci, F., Sirignano, P., Galzerano, G., DE DONATO, G., Cappelli, A., Setacci, C. (2013). Carotid restenosis after endarterectomy and stenting: a critical issue?. ANNALS OF VASCULAR SURGERY, 27, 888-893 [10.1016/j.avsg.2013.02.013].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/44973
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