Platelets and monocytes are involved in atherothrombosis via tissue factor expression. Moreover, they are activated in hypercholesterolemia, a classic risk factor for atherothrombosis. Cholesterol-lowering drugs (statins) reduce cardiovascular risk either by decreasing cholesterol or non-lipidic actions, such as platelet and monocyte activity. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of several statins on platelet and monocyte activity in hypercholesterolemic subjects. Platelet activity (P-selectin, cytofluorimetric detection), tissue factor levels (ELISA) and activity (detected in whole blood and cellular preparations by a specific clotting assay) were measured in hypercholesterolemic subjects (41 males, 23 females, aged 34-65 years, total cholesterol 6.86+/-0.60 mmol/l) treated with atorvastatin 10 mg, simvastatin 20 mg, fluvastatin 40 mg, or pravastatin 40 mg for 6 weeks. P-selectin and tissue factor expression in whole blood and isolated cells were increased in hypercholesterolemic subjects with respect to controls (all P<0.001). Simvastatin, atorvastatin, and fluvastatin reduced monocyte procoagulant activity in whole blood and P-selectin (P<0.01). Tissue factor antigen and activity in isolated cells were further reduced (all P<0.05) independently of cholesterol lowering. Pravastatin decreased tissue factor expression in whole blood in direct relationship to reduction of P-sel and cholesterol (P<0.05). Our data show a different impact of several statins on monocyte tissue factor expression in whole blood, suggesting a possible role of decreased platelet activity and a direct action on monocytes. In contrast, pravastatin decreased monocyte procoagulant activity with relation to cholesteroldependent modifications of platelet function

Bruni, F., Puccetti, L., Pasqui, A.l., Pastorelli, M., Bova, G., Cercignani, M., et al. (2003). Different effect induced by treatment with statins on monocyte tissue factor expression in hypercholesterolemic subjects. CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 3(1), 45-53 [10.1007/s102380300015].

Different effect induced by treatment with statins on monocyte tissue factor expression in hypercholesterolemic subjects

BRUNI, FULVIO;PUCCETTI, LUCA;PASTORELLI, MARCELLO;
2003-01-01

Abstract

Platelets and monocytes are involved in atherothrombosis via tissue factor expression. Moreover, they are activated in hypercholesterolemia, a classic risk factor for atherothrombosis. Cholesterol-lowering drugs (statins) reduce cardiovascular risk either by decreasing cholesterol or non-lipidic actions, such as platelet and monocyte activity. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of several statins on platelet and monocyte activity in hypercholesterolemic subjects. Platelet activity (P-selectin, cytofluorimetric detection), tissue factor levels (ELISA) and activity (detected in whole blood and cellular preparations by a specific clotting assay) were measured in hypercholesterolemic subjects (41 males, 23 females, aged 34-65 years, total cholesterol 6.86+/-0.60 mmol/l) treated with atorvastatin 10 mg, simvastatin 20 mg, fluvastatin 40 mg, or pravastatin 40 mg for 6 weeks. P-selectin and tissue factor expression in whole blood and isolated cells were increased in hypercholesterolemic subjects with respect to controls (all P<0.001). Simvastatin, atorvastatin, and fluvastatin reduced monocyte procoagulant activity in whole blood and P-selectin (P<0.01). Tissue factor antigen and activity in isolated cells were further reduced (all P<0.05) independently of cholesterol lowering. Pravastatin decreased tissue factor expression in whole blood in direct relationship to reduction of P-sel and cholesterol (P<0.05). Our data show a different impact of several statins on monocyte tissue factor expression in whole blood, suggesting a possible role of decreased platelet activity and a direct action on monocytes. In contrast, pravastatin decreased monocyte procoagulant activity with relation to cholesteroldependent modifications of platelet function
Bruni, F., Puccetti, L., Pasqui, A.l., Pastorelli, M., Bova, G., Cercignani, M., et al. (2003). Different effect induced by treatment with statins on monocyte tissue factor expression in hypercholesterolemic subjects. CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, 3(1), 45-53 [10.1007/s102380300015].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/44205
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