BACKGROUND: Heart failure is characterized by chronically increased adenosine levels, which are thought to express a protective anti-heart failure activation of the adenosinergic system. The aim of the study was to assess whether the activation of adenosinergic system in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) can be mirrored by a blunted increase in plasma adenosine concentration following dipyridamole stress, which accumulates endogenous adenosine. METHODS: Two groups were studied: IDC patients (n = 19, seven women, mean age 60 +/- 12 years) with angiographically confirmed normal coronary arteries and left ventricular ejection fraction <35%; and normal controls (n = 15, six women, mean age 68 +/- 5 years). Plasma adenosine was assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography methods in blood samples from peripheral vein at baseline and 12 min after dipyridamole infusion (0.84 mg kg-1 in 10 min). RESULTS: At baseline, IDC patients showed higher plasma adenosine levels than controls (276 +/- 27 nM L-1 vs. 208 +/- 48 nM L-1, P < 0.001). Following dipyridamole, IDC patients showed lower plasma adenosine levels than controls (322 +/- 56 nM L-1 vs. 732 +/- 250 nM L-1, P < 0.001). The dipyridamole-induced percentage increase in plasma adenosine over baseline was 17% in IDC and 251% in controls (P < 0.001). By individual patient analysis, 18 IDC patients exceeded (over the upper limit) the 95% confidence limits for normal plasma adenosine levels at baseline, and all 19 exceeded (below the lower limit) the 95% confidence limits for postdipyridamole plasma adenosine levels found in normal subjects. CONCLUSION: Patients with IDC have abnormally high baseline adenosine levels and--even more strikingly--blunted plasma adenosine increase following dipyridamole infusion. This is consistent with a chronic activation of the adenosinergic system present in IDC, which can be measured noninvasively in the clinical theatre.

LAGHI PASINI, F., Guideri, F., Petersen, C., Lazzerini, P.E., Sicari, R., Capecchi, P.L., et al. (2003). Blunted increase in plasma adenosine levels following dipyridamole stress test in dilated cardiomyopathy patients. JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 254(6), 591-596 [10.1111/j.1365-2796.2003.01234.x].

Blunted increase in plasma adenosine levels following dipyridamole stress test in dilated cardiomyopathy patients.

LAGHI PASINI F;GUIDERI F;LAZZERINI, PIETRO ENEA;CAPECCHI, PIER LEOPOLDO;
2003-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Heart failure is characterized by chronically increased adenosine levels, which are thought to express a protective anti-heart failure activation of the adenosinergic system. The aim of the study was to assess whether the activation of adenosinergic system in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) can be mirrored by a blunted increase in plasma adenosine concentration following dipyridamole stress, which accumulates endogenous adenosine. METHODS: Two groups were studied: IDC patients (n = 19, seven women, mean age 60 +/- 12 years) with angiographically confirmed normal coronary arteries and left ventricular ejection fraction <35%; and normal controls (n = 15, six women, mean age 68 +/- 5 years). Plasma adenosine was assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography methods in blood samples from peripheral vein at baseline and 12 min after dipyridamole infusion (0.84 mg kg-1 in 10 min). RESULTS: At baseline, IDC patients showed higher plasma adenosine levels than controls (276 +/- 27 nM L-1 vs. 208 +/- 48 nM L-1, P < 0.001). Following dipyridamole, IDC patients showed lower plasma adenosine levels than controls (322 +/- 56 nM L-1 vs. 732 +/- 250 nM L-1, P < 0.001). The dipyridamole-induced percentage increase in plasma adenosine over baseline was 17% in IDC and 251% in controls (P < 0.001). By individual patient analysis, 18 IDC patients exceeded (over the upper limit) the 95% confidence limits for normal plasma adenosine levels at baseline, and all 19 exceeded (below the lower limit) the 95% confidence limits for postdipyridamole plasma adenosine levels found in normal subjects. CONCLUSION: Patients with IDC have abnormally high baseline adenosine levels and--even more strikingly--blunted plasma adenosine increase following dipyridamole infusion. This is consistent with a chronic activation of the adenosinergic system present in IDC, which can be measured noninvasively in the clinical theatre.
LAGHI PASINI, F., Guideri, F., Petersen, C., Lazzerini, P.E., Sicari, R., Capecchi, P.L., et al. (2003). Blunted increase in plasma adenosine levels following dipyridamole stress test in dilated cardiomyopathy patients. JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 254(6), 591-596 [10.1111/j.1365-2796.2003.01234.x].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/439623