Retinoblastoma (Rb) is considered to represent the prototype of cancer linked to the sequential loss or inactivation of both alleles of a so-called tumor suppressor gene, the Rb1 gene. The pathogenetic mechanism behind this tumor was first hypothesized by Knudson in 1971 and further confirmed by others who identified the Rb1 gene whose loss or inactivation was claimed to be responsible for the disease. However, after about four decades of continuous research in the field of molecular biology, the evidence behind the role of the Rb1 gene in Rb appears to be seriously flawed in the light of epidemiological, biological, and clinical evidences. This editorial summarizes the inconsistencies on this subject. Nevertheless, the molecular biology establishment still adheres to the biased view of the genetic origin of Rb and other cancers, and hardly any alternative explanations are taken into account.
|Titolo:||Retinoblastoma and the genetic theory of cancer: an old paradigm trying to survive to the evidence.|
|Autori interni:||HADJISTILIANOU, THEODORA|
DE FRANCESCO, SONIA
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|