In Jurkat and human peripheral blood T-lymphocytes, 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG), a membrane-permeant analogue of diacylglycerol, activated the influx of Ca2+, Ba 2+ and Sr2+. OAG also caused plasma-membrane depolarization in Ca2+-free media that was recovered by the addition of bivalent cation, indicating the activation of Na+ influx. OAG-induced cation influx was (i) mimicked by the natural dacylglycerol 1-stearoyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycerol, (ii) not blocked by inhibiting protein kinase C or in the absence of phopholipase C activity and (iii) blocked by La3+ and Gd3+. Differently from OAG, both thapsigargin and phytohaemagglutinin activated a potent influx of Ca2+, but little influx of Ba2+ and Sr2+. Moreover, the influx of Ca2+ activated by thapsigargin and that activated by OAG were additive. Furthermore, several drugs (i.e. econazole, SKF96365, carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone, 2-aminoethoxy diphenylborate and calyculin-A), while inhibiting the influx of Ca2+ induced by both thapsigargin and phytohaemagglutinin, did not affect OAG-stimulated cation influx. Transient receptor potential (TRP) 3 and TRP6 proteins have been shown previously to be activated by diacylglycerol when expressed heterologously in animal cells [Hofmann, Obukhov, Schaefer, Harteneck, Gudermann and Schultz (1999) Nature (London) 397, 259–263]. In both Jurkat and peripheral blood T- lymphocytes, mRNA encoding TRP proteins 1, 3, 4 and 6 was detected by reverse transcriptase PCR, and the TRP6 protein was detected by Western blotting in a purified plasma-membrane fraction. We conclude that T-cells express a diacylglycerol-activated cation channel, unrelated to the channel involved in capacitative Ca2+ entry, and associated with the expression of TRP6 protein.

Gamberucci, A., Giurisato, E., Pizzo, P., Tassi, M., Giunti, R., Mcintosh, D.P., et al. (2002). Diacylglycerol activates the influx of extracellular cations in T-lymphocytes independently of intracellular calcium-store depletion and possibly involving endogenous TRP6 gene products. BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL, 364(1), 245-254 [10.1042/bj3640245].

Diacylglycerol activates the influx of extracellular cations in T-lymphocytes independently of intracellular calcium-store depletion and possibly involving endogenous TRP6 gene products

Gamberucci, Alessandra
Investigation
;
Giurisato, Emanuele
Investigation
;
Tassi, Maristella
Investigation
;
Giunti, Roberta
Investigation
;
Benedetti, Angiolo
Supervision
2002-01-01

Abstract

In Jurkat and human peripheral blood T-lymphocytes, 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG), a membrane-permeant analogue of diacylglycerol, activated the influx of Ca2+, Ba 2+ and Sr2+. OAG also caused plasma-membrane depolarization in Ca2+-free media that was recovered by the addition of bivalent cation, indicating the activation of Na+ influx. OAG-induced cation influx was (i) mimicked by the natural dacylglycerol 1-stearoyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycerol, (ii) not blocked by inhibiting protein kinase C or in the absence of phopholipase C activity and (iii) blocked by La3+ and Gd3+. Differently from OAG, both thapsigargin and phytohaemagglutinin activated a potent influx of Ca2+, but little influx of Ba2+ and Sr2+. Moreover, the influx of Ca2+ activated by thapsigargin and that activated by OAG were additive. Furthermore, several drugs (i.e. econazole, SKF96365, carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone, 2-aminoethoxy diphenylborate and calyculin-A), while inhibiting the influx of Ca2+ induced by both thapsigargin and phytohaemagglutinin, did not affect OAG-stimulated cation influx. Transient receptor potential (TRP) 3 and TRP6 proteins have been shown previously to be activated by diacylglycerol when expressed heterologously in animal cells [Hofmann, Obukhov, Schaefer, Harteneck, Gudermann and Schultz (1999) Nature (London) 397, 259–263]. In both Jurkat and peripheral blood T- lymphocytes, mRNA encoding TRP proteins 1, 3, 4 and 6 was detected by reverse transcriptase PCR, and the TRP6 protein was detected by Western blotting in a purified plasma-membrane fraction. We conclude that T-cells express a diacylglycerol-activated cation channel, unrelated to the channel involved in capacitative Ca2+ entry, and associated with the expression of TRP6 protein.
Gamberucci, A., Giurisato, E., Pizzo, P., Tassi, M., Giunti, R., Mcintosh, D.P., et al. (2002). Diacylglycerol activates the influx of extracellular cations in T-lymphocytes independently of intracellular calcium-store depletion and possibly involving endogenous TRP6 gene products. BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL, 364(1), 245-254 [10.1042/bj3640245].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/43231