Antioxidant activity of fresh Allium sativum L. (garlic) is well known and is mainly due to unstable and irritating organosulphur compounds. Fresh garlic extracted over a prolonged period (up to 20 months) produces odourless aged garlic extract (AGE) containing stable and water soluble organosulphur compounds that prevent oxidative damage by scavenging free radicals. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro antioxidant activity of aged (up to 20 months) 15% hydroethanolic extracts of different parts (bulbs, bulblets, flower bulblets, flowers, and leaves) of three Allium spontaneous species which are endemic for Italian flora: Allium neapolitanum Cyr., Allium subhirsutum L., Allium roseum L. and to compare it with the in vitro antioxidant activity of aged 15% hydroethanolic extracts of bulbs and leaves of garlic. The antioxidant potential of aged extracts of all species has been evaluated using two different spectrophotometric assays: 2,2-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) test and the ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. Furthermore the polyphenol content was determined. The aged extracts obtained from the leaves showed the best antioxidant activity, followed by flowers and then by bulbs in both used tests, while flower bulblets and bulblets exhibited lower results or no activity. The polyphenol content was generally directly correlated with antioxidant/antiradical activity. This study confirms the data obtained in previous researches, the wild-type species of Allium and in particular organs other than bulbs are more active and efficacious than garlic bulb. Surely leaves of these Allium spp. deserve special attention
Nencini, C., Menchiari, A., Franchi, G.G., & Micheli, L. (2011). In vitro antioxidant activity of aged extracts of some Italian Allium species. PLANT FOODS FOR HUMAN NUTRITION, 66(1), 11-16 [10.1007/s11130-010-0204-2].
Scheda prodotto non validato
Scheda prodotto in fase di analisi da parte dello staff di validazione
|Titolo:||In vitro antioxidant activity of aged extracts of some Italian Allium species|
|Citazione:||Nencini, C., Menchiari, A., Franchi, G.G., & Micheli, L. (2011). In vitro antioxidant activity of aged extracts of some Italian Allium species. PLANT FOODS FOR HUMAN NUTRITION, 66(1), 11-16 [10.1007/s11130-010-0204-2].|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|