Rare neurological diseases are a heterogeneous group of disorders mainly affecting the central and peripheral nervous systems and muscle, representing almost 50% of all rare diseases; this means that neurologists are among the main specialists involved in their diagnosis and research. However, the classical interest of neurologists is primarily directed towards the more common diseases such as dementia, multiple sclerosis, headache, epilepsy and stroke, while avoiding the follow-up of rare neurological diseases that have, taken altogether, had such a major impact on health systems in Europe as well as in other countries around the world. Rare diseases are also considered 'orphan' diseases, as only a few of them have treatments. In Europe as in the USA in recent years, considerable interest has been generated by these disorders, thereby stimulating more specific programs of care and management. In fact, the difficulty of diagnosis and the need for super-specialization in this field has led to the organization of dedicated centers in different countries to collect patients' data within a network for diagnosis, treatment and research. The present report describes our experience in Siena with such a reference center for these disorders and their diagnosis and treatment, and also includes a discussion of the organization of care for rare neurological diseases in Europe and Italy. Finally, this report also covers the new initiative of the Italian Neurological Society to promote an information center for rare neurological diseases to disseminate information and knowledge to all neurologists working in this field.

Federico, A. (2012). Rare neurological diseases: A Pandora’s box for neurology (an European and Italian perspective) Les maladies neurologiques rares : La boîte de Pandore pour la neurologie. REVUE NEUROLOGIQUE, 169, s12-s17 [10.1016/S0035-3787(13)70054-7].

Rare neurological diseases: A Pandora’s box for neurology (an European and Italian perspective) Les maladies neurologiques rares : La boîte de Pandore pour la neurologie

FEDERICO, ANTONIO
2012

Abstract

Rare neurological diseases are a heterogeneous group of disorders mainly affecting the central and peripheral nervous systems and muscle, representing almost 50% of all rare diseases; this means that neurologists are among the main specialists involved in their diagnosis and research. However, the classical interest of neurologists is primarily directed towards the more common diseases such as dementia, multiple sclerosis, headache, epilepsy and stroke, while avoiding the follow-up of rare neurological diseases that have, taken altogether, had such a major impact on health systems in Europe as well as in other countries around the world. Rare diseases are also considered 'orphan' diseases, as only a few of them have treatments. In Europe as in the USA in recent years, considerable interest has been generated by these disorders, thereby stimulating more specific programs of care and management. In fact, the difficulty of diagnosis and the need for super-specialization in this field has led to the organization of dedicated centers in different countries to collect patients' data within a network for diagnosis, treatment and research. The present report describes our experience in Siena with such a reference center for these disorders and their diagnosis and treatment, and also includes a discussion of the organization of care for rare neurological diseases in Europe and Italy. Finally, this report also covers the new initiative of the Italian Neurological Society to promote an information center for rare neurological diseases to disseminate information and knowledge to all neurologists working in this field.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/42788
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