During the 6th archaeological excavation campaign performed at the «Pieve di Pava» (San Giovanni d’Asso, Siena, Italy) in the summer of 2009, a stone-lined burial of a high-status single individual (uS 2378) was discovered, covered by a monolithic slab and placed in front of the altar. The tomb is about 160 cm long, 40 cm wide and over 70 cm deep. The skeletal remains of a young male (18-20 years), not in anatomical connection, were found on the floor of the tomb. 14C dating revealed a period between 650 and 688 AD. Stable isotope analysis (18O, 13C, 15N) attested that he was a member of the local community, with a diet quite rich in animal proteins. We are in presence of the secondary burial of an eminent personage, perhaps a saint, likely to have been transported to the church in a sack of perishable material, possibly textile, which caused their alignment along a curved line, as clearly demonstrated by the circular delimitation of the bones. The body was probably used for the re-consecration of the church following the restoration works of the 8th century. The paleopathological study diagnosed a case of acromes- omelic dysplasia, a congenital anomaly with disproportionate limbs: short, enlarged distal segments (radius-ulna and tibia), almost normal proximal segments (humerus and femur), short stature of about 150 cm, and bilateral fibular agenesis. Tibiae malformation and fibulae agenesis led to bilateral talipes val- gus, with major walking problems. Extensive enthesopathies in the upper limbs indicate the use of crutches.
V., M., Vitiello, A., Campana, S., Lubritto, C., & Fornaciari, G. (2011). Privileged Burial in The Pava Pieve (Siena, 8th century AD). ATTI DELLA SOCIETÀ TOSCANA DI SCIENZE NATURALI RESIDENTE IN PISA. MEMORIE. SERIE B, 118(B), 97-102.
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|Titolo:||Privileged Burial in The Pava Pieve (Siena, 8th century AD)|
|Citazione:||V., M., Vitiello, A., Campana, S., Lubritto, C., & Fornaciari, G. (2011). Privileged Burial in The Pava Pieve (Siena, 8th century AD). ATTI DELLA SOCIETÀ TOSCANA DI SCIENZE NATURALI RESIDENTE IN PISA. MEMORIE. SERIE B, 118(B), 97-102.|
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