BACKGROUND: Oxidized-LDL (ox-LDL) are proatherogenic and platelet-activating molecules. Atorvastatin reduces platelet activity before cholesterol-lowering action. CD36 and lectin-like oxidized-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) are specific ox-LDL receptors expressed also in platelets. This study was planned to address whether the possible rapid effect of atorvastatin on platelets could be related to modulation of ox-LDL receptors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight hypercholesterolaemic subjects requiring statin treatment (atorvastatin 20 mg day(-1)) after an ineffective diet regimen were evaluated for complete lipid-profile (chromogenic); P-selectin (P-sel), CD36 and LOX-1 expression (cytofluorimetric detection); circulating and platelet-associated ox-LDL (ox- and Pox-LDL, ELISA); and intracellular citrullin recovery (iCit, HPLC) at baseline and 3, 6 and 9 days after inclusion in the study. Moreover, we studied 48 normal controls matched for sex and age. RESULTS: Platelet activity expressed by P-sel (in resting and thrombin-activated cells), CD36 and LOX-1 were increased in hypercholesterolaemic subjects (all P < 0.01). Atorvastatin induced a reduction of CD36 at 6 days (P < 0.05); and P-sel in resting (P < 0.001) and activated cells (P < 0.001) and LOX-1 were reduced at 9 days (all P < 0.001) in association with decreased Pox-LDL (P < 0.001) and increased iCit (P < 0.01). All data were obtained before a significant reduction of LDL and ox-LDL was achieved (P = 0.109 and 0.113). DISCUSSION: Present data suggest that platelet deactivation by atorvastatin is related to CD36 and LOX-1 expression reduction before significant LDL changes. Moreover, the modulation of LOX-1 can be considered a self-relevant antiatherothrombotic action of atoravastin owing to the important role of this receptor in the ox-LDL-mediated vascular damage

Puccetti, L., Sawamura, T., Pasqui, A.l., Pastorelli, M., Auteri, A., & Bruni, F. (2005). Atorvastatin reduces platelet-oxidized-LDL receptor expression in hypercholesterolaemic patients. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, 35(1), 47-51.

Atorvastatin reduces platelet-oxidized-LDL receptor expression in hypercholesterolaemic patients

PUCCETTI, LUCA;PASTORELLI, MARCELLO;AUTERI, ALBERTO;BRUNI, FULVIO
2005

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Oxidized-LDL (ox-LDL) are proatherogenic and platelet-activating molecules. Atorvastatin reduces platelet activity before cholesterol-lowering action. CD36 and lectin-like oxidized-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) are specific ox-LDL receptors expressed also in platelets. This study was planned to address whether the possible rapid effect of atorvastatin on platelets could be related to modulation of ox-LDL receptors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight hypercholesterolaemic subjects requiring statin treatment (atorvastatin 20 mg day(-1)) after an ineffective diet regimen were evaluated for complete lipid-profile (chromogenic); P-selectin (P-sel), CD36 and LOX-1 expression (cytofluorimetric detection); circulating and platelet-associated ox-LDL (ox- and Pox-LDL, ELISA); and intracellular citrullin recovery (iCit, HPLC) at baseline and 3, 6 and 9 days after inclusion in the study. Moreover, we studied 48 normal controls matched for sex and age. RESULTS: Platelet activity expressed by P-sel (in resting and thrombin-activated cells), CD36 and LOX-1 were increased in hypercholesterolaemic subjects (all P < 0.01). Atorvastatin induced a reduction of CD36 at 6 days (P < 0.05); and P-sel in resting (P < 0.001) and activated cells (P < 0.001) and LOX-1 were reduced at 9 days (all P < 0.001) in association with decreased Pox-LDL (P < 0.001) and increased iCit (P < 0.01). All data were obtained before a significant reduction of LDL and ox-LDL was achieved (P = 0.109 and 0.113). DISCUSSION: Present data suggest that platelet deactivation by atorvastatin is related to CD36 and LOX-1 expression reduction before significant LDL changes. Moreover, the modulation of LOX-1 can be considered a self-relevant antiatherothrombotic action of atoravastin owing to the important role of this receptor in the ox-LDL-mediated vascular damage
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/42550
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