INTRODUCTION: The central nervous system plays an important role in the regulation of blood pressure: the sympathetic nervous system may be a primary contributor to the development of some forms of essential hypertension. Hypertension is also associated with reduced distensibility of large arteries. The aim of our study is the evaluation of a correlation between cardiac dysautonomia (evaluated by means of heart rate variability [HRV]) and altered artery distensibility (evaluated by means of measurement of the time interval from the onset of the QRS wave and the detection of the last Korotkoff sound [QKD interval]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: HRV and QKD interval were evaluated in 23 patients (60.9+/-8.7 years) with untreated hypertension and in 20 control subjects (53.2+/-16.8 years). QKD interval and QKD(100-60) (that is QKD for a 100 mm Hg systolic blood pressure and 60 bpm heart rate) were measured during a 24-hours blood pressure monitoring. HRV was evaluated by means of a spectral method. Three main spectral components were distinguished: very low frequency (VLF), low frequency (LF) and high frequency (HF) component. RESULTS: Patients with reduced QKD(100-60) interval show reduced total power and spectral components values, with higher LF/HF ratio in basal conditions in comparison with control group. In patients with hypertension, QKD(100-60) values correlated significantly with LF/HF ratio (Spearman r=-0.551; p=0.006), HF spectral component (Spearman r=0.630; p=0.001) and total power (Spearman r=0.426; p=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that sympathetic overactivity may be the contributor of reduced arterial distensibility observed in patients with essential hypertension

Acampa, M., Franchi, M., Guideri, F., Lamberti, I., Bruni, F., Pastorelli, M., et al. (2009). Cardiac dysautonomia and arterial distensibility in essential hypertensives. AUTONOMIC NEUROSCIENCE: BASIC & CLINICAL, 146(1-2), 102-105 [10.1016/j.autneu.2008.11.009].

Cardiac dysautonomia and arterial distensibility in essential hypertensives.

FRANCHI, MASSIMO;GUIDERI, FRANCESCA;BRUNI, FULVIO;PASTORELLI, MARCELLO;PUCCETTI, LUCA;
2009-01-01

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The central nervous system plays an important role in the regulation of blood pressure: the sympathetic nervous system may be a primary contributor to the development of some forms of essential hypertension. Hypertension is also associated with reduced distensibility of large arteries. The aim of our study is the evaluation of a correlation between cardiac dysautonomia (evaluated by means of heart rate variability [HRV]) and altered artery distensibility (evaluated by means of measurement of the time interval from the onset of the QRS wave and the detection of the last Korotkoff sound [QKD interval]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: HRV and QKD interval were evaluated in 23 patients (60.9+/-8.7 years) with untreated hypertension and in 20 control subjects (53.2+/-16.8 years). QKD interval and QKD(100-60) (that is QKD for a 100 mm Hg systolic blood pressure and 60 bpm heart rate) were measured during a 24-hours blood pressure monitoring. HRV was evaluated by means of a spectral method. Three main spectral components were distinguished: very low frequency (VLF), low frequency (LF) and high frequency (HF) component. RESULTS: Patients with reduced QKD(100-60) interval show reduced total power and spectral components values, with higher LF/HF ratio in basal conditions in comparison with control group. In patients with hypertension, QKD(100-60) values correlated significantly with LF/HF ratio (Spearman r=-0.551; p=0.006), HF spectral component (Spearman r=0.630; p=0.001) and total power (Spearman r=0.426; p=0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that sympathetic overactivity may be the contributor of reduced arterial distensibility observed in patients with essential hypertension
Acampa, M., Franchi, M., Guideri, F., Lamberti, I., Bruni, F., Pastorelli, M., et al. (2009). Cardiac dysautonomia and arterial distensibility in essential hypertensives. AUTONOMIC NEUROSCIENCE: BASIC & CLINICAL, 146(1-2), 102-105 [10.1016/j.autneu.2008.11.009].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/42491
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