Abstract It is known that proprioceptive signals modify the spatial organization of the postural reflexes, thus leading to body stability. The neurophysiological basis of this phenomenon are at present unknown. The present report documents that, in decerebrate cat, body-to-head rotation in the horizontal plane modified the preferred response direction to labyrinthine stimulation of the forelimb extensor triceps brachii. Such direction resulted always perpendicular to the longitudinal body axis of the animal, whatever its relative position with respect to the head could be. The rotation of the preferred response direction of the triceps was greatly reduced by functional inactivation of the ipsilateral cerebellar vermis. On the other hand, following body-to-head displacement, the preferred response directions of the corresponding P-cells tended, on the average, to rotate in the same direction and by the same angle as the body. We propose that the neck input finely tunes parallel vestibular channels, endowed with different spatial and temporal properties, impinging upon P-cells, thus modifying their responses to animal tilt and, as a consequence, the spatial properties of VS reflexes. It is possible that, by a similar mechanism, the cerebellum may contribute to the changes in reference frame occurring in sensorimotor transformations of reflex and voluntary nature.

Manzoni, D., Andre, P., & Bruschini, L. (2004). Coupling sensory inputs to the appropriate motor responses: new aspects of cerebellar function. ARCHIVES ITALIENNES DE BIOLOGIE, 142(2), 199-215.

Coupling sensory inputs to the appropriate motor responses: new aspects of cerebellar function.

ANDRE, PAOLO;
2004

Abstract

Abstract It is known that proprioceptive signals modify the spatial organization of the postural reflexes, thus leading to body stability. The neurophysiological basis of this phenomenon are at present unknown. The present report documents that, in decerebrate cat, body-to-head rotation in the horizontal plane modified the preferred response direction to labyrinthine stimulation of the forelimb extensor triceps brachii. Such direction resulted always perpendicular to the longitudinal body axis of the animal, whatever its relative position with respect to the head could be. The rotation of the preferred response direction of the triceps was greatly reduced by functional inactivation of the ipsilateral cerebellar vermis. On the other hand, following body-to-head displacement, the preferred response directions of the corresponding P-cells tended, on the average, to rotate in the same direction and by the same angle as the body. We propose that the neck input finely tunes parallel vestibular channels, endowed with different spatial and temporal properties, impinging upon P-cells, thus modifying their responses to animal tilt and, as a consequence, the spatial properties of VS reflexes. It is possible that, by a similar mechanism, the cerebellum may contribute to the changes in reference frame occurring in sensorimotor transformations of reflex and voluntary nature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/419214
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