The results of a study using epiphytic lichens (Parmelia caperata) as sentinels for heavy metal deposition at six selected forest ecosystems of central Italy are reported. The woods investigated are characterized by holm oak (Quercus ilex), turkey oak (Quercus cerris) and beech (Fagus sylvatica) and represent the typical forest ecosystems of central Italy at low, medium and high elevations, respectively. The results showed that levels of heavy metals in lichens were relatively low and consequently no risk of heavy metal air pollution is expected for the six forest ecosystems investigated. However, for two of them there are indications of a potential risk: the beech forest of Vallombrosa showed signs of contamination by Pb as a consequence of vehicle traffic due to the rather high touristic pressure in the area, and the holm oak forest of Cala Violina showed transboundary pollution by Mn, Cr and Ni originating from the steel industry in Piombino. Epiphytic lichens proved to be very effective as an early warning system to detect signs of a changing environment at forest ecosystems.

Loppi, S., & Pirintsos, S.A. (2003). Epiphytic lichens as sentinels for heavy metal pollution at forest ecosystems (central Italy). ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, 121(3), 327-332 [10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00269-5].

Epiphytic lichens as sentinels for heavy metal pollution at forest ecosystems (central Italy)

LOPPI, STEFANO;
2003

Abstract

The results of a study using epiphytic lichens (Parmelia caperata) as sentinels for heavy metal deposition at six selected forest ecosystems of central Italy are reported. The woods investigated are characterized by holm oak (Quercus ilex), turkey oak (Quercus cerris) and beech (Fagus sylvatica) and represent the typical forest ecosystems of central Italy at low, medium and high elevations, respectively. The results showed that levels of heavy metals in lichens were relatively low and consequently no risk of heavy metal air pollution is expected for the six forest ecosystems investigated. However, for two of them there are indications of a potential risk: the beech forest of Vallombrosa showed signs of contamination by Pb as a consequence of vehicle traffic due to the rather high touristic pressure in the area, and the holm oak forest of Cala Violina showed transboundary pollution by Mn, Cr and Ni originating from the steel industry in Piombino. Epiphytic lichens proved to be very effective as an early warning system to detect signs of a changing environment at forest ecosystems.
Loppi, S., & Pirintsos, S.A. (2003). Epiphytic lichens as sentinels for heavy metal pollution at forest ecosystems (central Italy). ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, 121(3), 327-332 [10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00269-5].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/413880