The blood reduced glutathione (GSH)/GSH disulfide (GSSG) ratio is an index of the oxidant/antioxidant balance of the whole body. Nevertheless, data indicating GSH and GSSG physiological levels are still widely divergent, especially those on GSSG, probably due to its low concentration. Standardization in methodological protocols and sample manipulation could help to minimize these discrepancies. Therefore, we have investigated how plasma reduced GSH, which is rapidly oxidized after blood withdrawal, could alter the blood GSSG measurement if the sample is not suitably processed. We have observed that an increase in plasma GSH concentration, due to red blood cell hemolysis, is responsible for a significant overestimation of blood GSSG level. Our results show that, before performing blood GSSG determination, thiols have to be rapidly blocked, to avoid possible pitfalls in GSSG measurement, in particular when hemolysis is present.

Giustarini, D., Dalle Donne, I., Colombo, R., Milzani, A., & Rossi, R. (2004). Interference of plasmatic glutathione and hemolysis on glutathione disulfide levels in human blood. FREE RADICAL RESEARCH, 38(10), 1101-1106 [10.1080/10715760400008854].

Interference of plasmatic glutathione and hemolysis on glutathione disulfide levels in human blood

Giustarini, D.
;
Rossi, Ranieri
2004

Abstract

The blood reduced glutathione (GSH)/GSH disulfide (GSSG) ratio is an index of the oxidant/antioxidant balance of the whole body. Nevertheless, data indicating GSH and GSSG physiological levels are still widely divergent, especially those on GSSG, probably due to its low concentration. Standardization in methodological protocols and sample manipulation could help to minimize these discrepancies. Therefore, we have investigated how plasma reduced GSH, which is rapidly oxidized after blood withdrawal, could alter the blood GSSG measurement if the sample is not suitably processed. We have observed that an increase in plasma GSH concentration, due to red blood cell hemolysis, is responsible for a significant overestimation of blood GSSG level. Our results show that, before performing blood GSSG determination, thiols have to be rapidly blocked, to avoid possible pitfalls in GSSG measurement, in particular when hemolysis is present.
Giustarini, D., Dalle Donne, I., Colombo, R., Milzani, A., & Rossi, R. (2004). Interference of plasmatic glutathione and hemolysis on glutathione disulfide levels in human blood. FREE RADICAL RESEARCH, 38(10), 1101-1106 [10.1080/10715760400008854].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/411608