Urocortin 2 (Ucn 2) and urocortin 3 (Ucn 3) are neuropeptides expressed by human endometrium. This study evaluated (i) the expression of Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 mRNA in endometriotic lesions and in endometrium of women with endometriosis; (ii) the effect of Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 on cytokines secretion from cultured endometrial stromal cells. Endometriotic tissue was collected from endometrioma (n = 39); endometrial specimens were obtained from women with (n = 39) and without (n = 41) endometriosis throughout menstrual cycle. Tissue specimens were analysed for Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 mRNA expression and peptide localization; the effects of Ucn 2 or Ucn 3 on tumour necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) and interleukin (IL-4) secretion from cultured endometrial stromal cells was studied. Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 mRNA expression and localization were assessed by RT-PCR and by immuohistochemistry, respectively; cytokines secretion were measured by ELISA. Results showed that endometriotic tissue expressed both Ucn 2 and Ucn 3, with Ucn 3 expression higher in ectopic than in eutopic endometrium. Endometrial Ucn 2 mRNA expression in controls showed peak values at early proliferative phase, while in endometriotic patients low expression and no significant changes throughout menstrual cycle were observed. Endometrial Ucn 3 mRNA expression was highest in late secretory phase in controls, while in endometriotic patients low levels and no menstrual-cycle-related changes were found. When added to cultured endometrial cell cultures, Ucn 2 significantly increased TNF-alpha (P < 0.01) and IL-4 (P < 0.001), while Ucn 3 induced an increase of IL-4 secretion (P < 0.01). In conclusion, endometriotic tissue expressed and localized Ucn 2 and Ucn 3; patients with endometriosis showed Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 mRNA expression in eutopic endometrium lower than in control group, with no endometrial cycle-related changes. Ucn 2 and Ucn 3-modulated TNF-alpha and IL-4 secretion from culture endometrial cells. These data suggest a possible involvement of Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 in the mechanisms of endometriosis.

Novembri, R., Carrarelli, P., Toti, P., Rocha, A.L., Borges, L.E., Reis, F.M., et al. (2011). Urocortin 2 and urocortin 3 in endometriosis: evidence for a possible role in inflammatory response. MOLECULAR HUMAN REPRODUCTION, 17(9), 587-593 [10.1093/molehr/gar020].

Urocortin 2 and urocortin 3 in endometriosis: evidence for a possible role in inflammatory response

Novembri, R.;Carrarelli, P.;Toti, P.;Piomboni, P.;Florio, P.;
2011-01-01

Abstract

Urocortin 2 (Ucn 2) and urocortin 3 (Ucn 3) are neuropeptides expressed by human endometrium. This study evaluated (i) the expression of Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 mRNA in endometriotic lesions and in endometrium of women with endometriosis; (ii) the effect of Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 on cytokines secretion from cultured endometrial stromal cells. Endometriotic tissue was collected from endometrioma (n = 39); endometrial specimens were obtained from women with (n = 39) and without (n = 41) endometriosis throughout menstrual cycle. Tissue specimens were analysed for Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 mRNA expression and peptide localization; the effects of Ucn 2 or Ucn 3 on tumour necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) and interleukin (IL-4) secretion from cultured endometrial stromal cells was studied. Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 mRNA expression and localization were assessed by RT-PCR and by immuohistochemistry, respectively; cytokines secretion were measured by ELISA. Results showed that endometriotic tissue expressed both Ucn 2 and Ucn 3, with Ucn 3 expression higher in ectopic than in eutopic endometrium. Endometrial Ucn 2 mRNA expression in controls showed peak values at early proliferative phase, while in endometriotic patients low expression and no significant changes throughout menstrual cycle were observed. Endometrial Ucn 3 mRNA expression was highest in late secretory phase in controls, while in endometriotic patients low levels and no menstrual-cycle-related changes were found. When added to cultured endometrial cell cultures, Ucn 2 significantly increased TNF-alpha (P < 0.01) and IL-4 (P < 0.001), while Ucn 3 induced an increase of IL-4 secretion (P < 0.01). In conclusion, endometriotic tissue expressed and localized Ucn 2 and Ucn 3; patients with endometriosis showed Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 mRNA expression in eutopic endometrium lower than in control group, with no endometrial cycle-related changes. Ucn 2 and Ucn 3-modulated TNF-alpha and IL-4 secretion from culture endometrial cells. These data suggest a possible involvement of Ucn 2 and Ucn 3 in the mechanisms of endometriosis.
Novembri, R., Carrarelli, P., Toti, P., Rocha, A.L., Borges, L.E., Reis, F.M., et al. (2011). Urocortin 2 and urocortin 3 in endometriosis: evidence for a possible role in inflammatory response. MOLECULAR HUMAN REPRODUCTION, 17(9), 587-593 [10.1093/molehr/gar020].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/4090
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