Pollen of the palm Trachycarpus fortunei was kept at 25°C and relative humidities (RH) of 20, 55 and 98%. Changes in viability, water content and carbohydrates were measured over 2-17 days. Water content remained almost constant at 20 and 50% RH and increased dramatically at 98%. Pollen viability and germination rate remained almost constant over 14 days at 20% RH and decreased to about 2% after 7-9 days at 55% and to even less at 98% RH. Although the three experimental conditions were constant, qualitative and quantitative variations in pollen carbohydrates were recorded, even after pollen had lost its viability. The quantities of mono-, di- and polysaccharides varied with the period of pollen storage at the various RH. The greatest changes in glucose, fructose and sucrose content were recorded at 55 and 98% RH. At these relative humidities, maximum glucose and fructose content and minimum sucrose content occurred at maximum water content. Starch was not present in mature pollen but appeared and peaked after 7-9 days of pollen storage at 55 and 98%. Appearance of starch coincided with an increase in pectin content. PAS-positive cytoplasmic polysaccharides showed an increasing trend at 20% RH. A relation was found between pollen viability, water content and monosaccharide content. Pollen viability and germination capacity remained high at 20% RH for 14 days. At this relative humidity, pollen water, glucose and fructose contents remained almost constant, while sucrose reached its maximum value. The fluctuations of more complex carbohydrates (starch, pectins and PAS-positive cytoplasmic polysaccharides) were less easy to interpret. Changes observed under experimental conditions could simulate processes occurring in nature during pollen presentation and dispersal.
|Titolo:||Ripe pollen carbohydrates changes in Trachycarpus fortunei: the effect of relative humidity|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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