CXCL10–CXCR3 axis plays a pivotal role in cardiac allograft rejection, so that targeting CXCL10 without inducing generalized immunosuppression may be of therapeutic significance in allotransplantation. Since the role of resident cells in cardiac rejection is still unclear, we aimed to establish reliable human cardiomyocyte cultures to investigate Th1 cytokine-mediated response in allograft rejection. We used human fetal cardiomyocytes (Hfcm) isolated from fetal hearts, obtained after legal abortions. Hfcm expressed specific cardiac lineage markers, specific cardiac structural proteins, typical cardiac currents and generated ventricular action potentials. Thus, Hfcm represent a reliable in vitro tool for allograft rejection research, since they resemble the features of mature cells. Hfcm secreted CXCL10 in response to IFNγ and TNFαα; this effect was magnified by cytokine combination. Cytokine synergy was associated to a significant TNFα-induced up-regulation of IFNγR. The response of Hfcm to some currently used immunosuppressive drugs compared to rosiglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ agonist and Th1-mediated response inhibitor, was also evaluated. Only micophenolic acid and rosiglitazone halved CXCL10 secretion by Hfcm. Given the pivotal role of IFNγ-induced chemokines in Th1-mediated allograft rejection, these preliminary results suggest that the combined effects of immunosuppressive agents and rosiglitazone could be potentially beneficial to patients receiving heart transplants.
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|Titolo:||Immunosuppression in cardiac graft rejection: a human in vitro model to study the potential use of new immunomodulatory drugs.|
|Citazione:||Crescioli, C., Squecco, R., Cosmi, L., Sottili, M., Gelmini, S., Borgogni, E., et al. (2008). Immunosuppression in cardiac graft rejection: a human in vitro model to study the potential use of new immunomodulatory drugs. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 314(6), 1337-1350.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|