CD4+ T cell lines and clones specific for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antigens have been generated from peripheral lymphocytes of naive individuals by priming with the envelope protein gp120, the enzyme reverse transcriptase (p66), and their synthetic peptides. T cells were tested for proliferation to proteins, to peptides, and to HIV virions. Different patterns of reaction were identified. T cells primed in vitro with the whole antigen responded to the protein, but recognition of overlapping peptides occurred with a fraction of the lines or clones. The virus was recognized by some, but not all, of the gp120- and p66-specific T cells, with an efficiency 2 logs higher than the recombinant soluble proteins on a molar basis. One T cell line specific for gp120 responded to virions presented by B cells, but not by monocytes. In contrast, T cells induced with peptides did not always respond to the proteins. Generation of T cell lines from naive individuals may be an in vitro model for T cell immunization, and the response patterns may have implications for the design of vaccines aimed at inducing a T helper response. In fact our in vitro data suggest that (a) immunization with peptides does not always induce T cells recognizing the whole protein, (b) immunization with proteins does not always induce T cells recognizing the protein in the context of the HIV virus, and (c) recognition of gp120 in the context of HIV may be dictated by the type of presenting cells.
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|Titolo:||Human CD4+ T cells can discriminate the molecular and structural context of T epitopes of HIV gp120 and HIV p66|
|Citazione:||Manca, F., Fenoglio, D., Valle, M.T., LI PIRA, G., Kunkl, A., Ferraris, A., et al. (1995). Human CD4+ T cells can discriminate the molecular and structural context of T epitopes of HIV gp120 and HIV p66. JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES AND HUMAN RETROVIROLOGY, 9(3), 227-237.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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