Background and Objective. It has been widely demonstrated that one single 7-day course continous infusion (c.i.) 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg daily is dramatically effective in inducing high and prolonged complete remission (CR) rates in patients with hairy-cell leukemia (HCL). However, 2-CdA administration often results in severe neutropenia and lymphocytopenia both responsible for the infectious complications observed in these patients. We previously reported preliminary data regarding the effectiveness and toxicity of a modified protocol of 2-CdA administration (0.15 mg/kg 2 hours infusion once a week for 6 courses) in 25 HCL patients. This treatment schedule produced a similar overall response rate compared to standard 2-CdA regimen and appeared to be followed by a lower incidence of infectious episodes. In the present study we report response rate and toxicity of weekly 2CdA administration in a larger cohort of patients and with a longer follow-up. Design and Methods. In a group of HCL patients with a pronounced decrease in neutrophils count (< 13109/L), we modified the standard protocol (0.1 mg/kg daily 3 7 days c.i.) by administering 2-CdA at a dose of 0.15 mg/kg 2 hours infusion once a week for 6 courses. Thirty HCL patients, 24 males and 6 females with a median age of 56 years (range 37-76), entered into this protocol. Seventeen out of 30 patients were at diagnosis while the remaining 13 had been previously treated with a-interferon (a-IFN) (7), or 2-CdA (4) or deoxycoformycin (DCF) (2). Results. Overall, 22/30 (73%) patients achieved CR and 8 (27%) partial remission (PR) with a median duration of response at the time of writing of 35 months, ranging from 6 to 58 months. Five patients (1 CR and 4 PR) have so far progressed. The treatment was very well tolerated. Five out of 30 patients (16%) developed severe neutropenia (neutrophils <0.53109/L) and only in two of them we did register an infectious complication which required treatment with systemic antibiotics and granulocyte colonystimulating factor (G-CSF). Interpretation and Conclusions. In conclusion, we confirm that weekly administration of 2-CdA at a dose of 0.15 mg/kg for 6 courses appears to be very effective in HCL inducing a high CR rate, similar to that observed with daily c.i. administration. CR durability and relapse/progression rates are also comparable to standard 2-CdA schedule. Moreover this new regimen seems to be safer in pancytopenic patients, markedly reducing life-threatening infectious complications.
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|Titolo:||Weekly administration of 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine in patients with hairy-cell leukemia is effective and reduces infectious complications.|
|Citazione:||Lauria, F., Bocchia, M., Marotta, G., Raspadori, D., Zinzani, P.l., & Rondelli, D. (1999). Weekly administration of 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine in patients with hairy-cell leukemia is effective and reduces infectious complications. HAEMATOLOGICA, 84, 22-25.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|