1. MgATP-dependent 45Ca2+ uptake by microsomes obtained from various non-hepatic tissues, namely rat brain, rat solid Morris hepatoma 3924A and human platelets, was measured in the presence of P(i) at low, cytosol-like, concentrations. 2. Increasing P(i) concentrations (0.5-3 mM) caused a progressive enlargement of the 45Ca2+-storage capacity of all the microsomal fractions. 3. As a result of P(i) stimulation of Ca2+ uptake, 45Ca2+ and [32P]P(i) were co-accumulated by the three microsomal fractions. 4. The time course for 45Ca2+ and [32P]P(i) accumulation in brain microsomes revealed a biphasic 45Ca2+ uptake: a rapid phase was followed by a second, slower, phase, which depended on the presence of P(i). During the P(i)-dependent phase, the uptake of 45Ca2+ was paralleled by the uptake of [32P]P(i). 5. The passive efflux of Ca2+ was paralleled by the efflux of P(i) and vice versa. In fact, the inhibition of active Ca2+ uptake by excess EGTA, or lowering the P(i) concentration of the incubation system by dilution, caused the release of 45Ca2+ and [32P]P(i) from 45Ca2+ or [32P]P(i) pre-loaded brain microsomes. The Ca2+ ionophore A23187 also released 45Ca2+ and [32P]P(i). 6. Ca2+ efflux by A23187 was rapid (t( 1/2 ) approx. 2 s) and independent of the extent of intravesicular Ca2+ loading, which indicates that Ca2+ and P(i) do not form intravesicular insoluble complexes. 7. The progressive increase in Ca2+ accumulation, depending on P(i) stimulation, resulted in a proportional increase in the amount of Ca2+ releasable by InsP3 in the three non-hepatic microsomal fractions and in digitonin-permeabilized platelets. 8. Concomitantly to Ca2+ microsomal P(i) was also released by InsP3.

Fulceri, R., Bellomo, G., Gamberucci, A., Romani, A., & Benedetti, A. (1993). Physiological concentrations of inorganic phosphate affect MgATP-dependent Ca2+storage and inositol trisphosphate-induced Ca2+ efflux in microsomal vesicles from non-hepatic cells. BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL, 289(1), 299-306 [10.1042/bj2890299].

Physiological concentrations of inorganic phosphate affect MgATP-dependent Ca2+storage and inositol trisphosphate-induced Ca2+ efflux in microsomal vesicles from non-hepatic cells

FULCERI, R.;GAMBERUCCI, A.;BENEDETTI, A.
1993

Abstract

1. MgATP-dependent 45Ca2+ uptake by microsomes obtained from various non-hepatic tissues, namely rat brain, rat solid Morris hepatoma 3924A and human platelets, was measured in the presence of P(i) at low, cytosol-like, concentrations. 2. Increasing P(i) concentrations (0.5-3 mM) caused a progressive enlargement of the 45Ca2+-storage capacity of all the microsomal fractions. 3. As a result of P(i) stimulation of Ca2+ uptake, 45Ca2+ and [32P]P(i) were co-accumulated by the three microsomal fractions. 4. The time course for 45Ca2+ and [32P]P(i) accumulation in brain microsomes revealed a biphasic 45Ca2+ uptake: a rapid phase was followed by a second, slower, phase, which depended on the presence of P(i). During the P(i)-dependent phase, the uptake of 45Ca2+ was paralleled by the uptake of [32P]P(i). 5. The passive efflux of Ca2+ was paralleled by the efflux of P(i) and vice versa. In fact, the inhibition of active Ca2+ uptake by excess EGTA, or lowering the P(i) concentration of the incubation system by dilution, caused the release of 45Ca2+ and [32P]P(i) from 45Ca2+ or [32P]P(i) pre-loaded brain microsomes. The Ca2+ ionophore A23187 also released 45Ca2+ and [32P]P(i). 6. Ca2+ efflux by A23187 was rapid (t( 1/2 ) approx. 2 s) and independent of the extent of intravesicular Ca2+ loading, which indicates that Ca2+ and P(i) do not form intravesicular insoluble complexes. 7. The progressive increase in Ca2+ accumulation, depending on P(i) stimulation, resulted in a proportional increase in the amount of Ca2+ releasable by InsP3 in the three non-hepatic microsomal fractions and in digitonin-permeabilized platelets. 8. Concomitantly to Ca2+ microsomal P(i) was also released by InsP3.
Fulceri, R., Bellomo, G., Gamberucci, A., Romani, A., & Benedetti, A. (1993). Physiological concentrations of inorganic phosphate affect MgATP-dependent Ca2+storage and inositol trisphosphate-induced Ca2+ efflux in microsomal vesicles from non-hepatic cells. BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL, 289(1), 299-306 [10.1042/bj2890299].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/3874
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