Neoplastic degeneration represents a rare but serious complication of Paget's disease of bone (PDB). While osteosarcomas have been described in up to 1% of PDB cases, giant cell tumors are less frequent and mainly occur in patients with polyostotic disease. We recently characterized a large pedigree with 14 affected members of whom 4 developed giant cell tumors at pagetic sites. The high number of affected subjects across multiple generations allowed us to better characterize the clinical phenotype and look for possible susceptibility loci. Of interest all the affected members had polyostotic PDB, but subjects developing giant cell tumors showed an increased disease severity with a reduced clinical response to bisphosphonate treatment and an increased prevalence of bone pain, deformities, and fractures. Together with an increased occurrence of common pagetic complications, affected patients of this pedigree also evidenced a 5-fold higher prevalence of coronary artery disease with respect to either the unaffected family members or a comparative cohort of 150 unrelated PDB cases from the same geographical area. This association was further enhanced in the 4 cases with PDB and giant cell tumors, all of them developing coronary artery disease before 60 years of age. Despite the early onset and the severe phenotype, PDB patients from this pedigree were negative for the presence of SQSTM1 or TNFRSF11A mutations, previously associated with enhanced disease severity. Genome-wide linkage analysis identified 6 possible candidate regions on chromosomes 1, 5, 6, 8, 10, and 20. Since the chromosome 8 and 10 loci were next to the TNFRSF11B and OPTN genes we extended the genetic screening to these 2 genes but we failed to identify any causative mutation at both genomic and transcription level, suggesting that a different genetic defect is associated with PDB and potentially giant cell tumor of bone in this pedigree.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Scheda prodotto in fase di analisi da parte dello staff di validazione
|Titolo:||Giant cell tumor occurring in familial Paget's disease of bone: report of clinical characteristics and linkage analysis of a large pedigree|
|Citazione:||Gianfrancesco, F., Rendina, D., Merlotti, D., Esposito, T., Amyere, M., Formicola, D., et al. (2013). Giant cell tumor occurring in familial Paget's disease of bone: report of clinical characteristics and linkage analysis of a large pedigree. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 28(2), 341-350.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
File in questo prodotto: