Nerve cells, especially synaptosomes, are very susceptible to hypoxia and the subsequent oxidative stress. In this paper, we examined the effects of hypoxia (93% N2:2% O2:5% CO2, v/v/v) on rat cortical synaptosomes by evaluating modifications of synaptosomal mitochondrial respiration rate and ATP production, membrane potential, intrasynaptosomal mitochondrial Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), and desferoxamine-chelatable free iron and esterified F2-isoprostane levels after different periods of hypoxia and after 30 min of reoxygenation. Oxygen consumption decreased significantly during 120 min of hypoxia and was restored after reoxygenation. At the same time, ATP production decreased and remained significantly lower even after reoxygenation. This involved a depolarization of the synaptosomal mitochondrial membrane, although the [Ca2+]i remained practically unchanged. Indeed, iron and F2-isoprostane levels, representing useful prediction markers for neurodevelopmental outcome, increased significantly after hypoxia, and there was a strong correlation between the two variables. On the whole our results indicate that synaptosomal mitochondria undergo mitoptosis after 2 h of hypoxia. © 2007.

Aldinucci, C., Carretta, A., Ciccoli, L., Leoncini, S., Signorini, C., Buonocore, G., et al. (2007). Hypoxia affects the physiological behaviour of rat cortical synaptosomes. FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY & MEDICINE, 42(11), 1749-1756 [10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2007.03.010].

Hypoxia affects the physiological behaviour of rat cortical synaptosomes

ALDINUCCI, C.;CARRETTA, A.;CICCOLI, L.;LEONCINI, S.;SIGNORINI, C.;BUONOCORE, G.;PESSINA, G. P.
2007-01-01

Abstract

Nerve cells, especially synaptosomes, are very susceptible to hypoxia and the subsequent oxidative stress. In this paper, we examined the effects of hypoxia (93% N2:2% O2:5% CO2, v/v/v) on rat cortical synaptosomes by evaluating modifications of synaptosomal mitochondrial respiration rate and ATP production, membrane potential, intrasynaptosomal mitochondrial Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), and desferoxamine-chelatable free iron and esterified F2-isoprostane levels after different periods of hypoxia and after 30 min of reoxygenation. Oxygen consumption decreased significantly during 120 min of hypoxia and was restored after reoxygenation. At the same time, ATP production decreased and remained significantly lower even after reoxygenation. This involved a depolarization of the synaptosomal mitochondrial membrane, although the [Ca2+]i remained practically unchanged. Indeed, iron and F2-isoprostane levels, representing useful prediction markers for neurodevelopmental outcome, increased significantly after hypoxia, and there was a strong correlation between the two variables. On the whole our results indicate that synaptosomal mitochondria undergo mitoptosis after 2 h of hypoxia. © 2007.
Aldinucci, C., Carretta, A., Ciccoli, L., Leoncini, S., Signorini, C., Buonocore, G., et al. (2007). Hypoxia affects the physiological behaviour of rat cortical synaptosomes. FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY & MEDICINE, 42(11), 1749-1756 [10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2007.03.010].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/3690
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