Total respiratory resistance and elastance were estimated off-line in a sample of 60 patients undergoing mechanical ventilation by means of two regression models in order to analyse and understand a possible physiological mechanism determining differences in inspiration and expiration. The first model considered a single value for resistance and elastance over a whole breathing cycle, whereas the second model considered separate values for inspiratory and expiratory resistance and a single value for elastance. Inspiratory resistance was found to be lower than expiratory resistance, and intermediate values were obtained for resistance estimated over the whole breathing cycle. Student's t-test showed a highly significant difference between these resistance estimates, and principal components analysis demonstrated a significant increase in information when both inspiratory and expiratory resistances were used. Minor differences were found between values of elastance calculated with the two approaches. In an attempt to interpret these experimental results, a lung model incorporating the non-linear viscoelastic properties of the intermediate airways was considered. This model suggested that changes in intermediate airway volume play a significant role in breathing mechanics during artificial ventilation and indicated that inspiratory and expiratory resistance could be useful parameters for locating airway obstruction.

Barbini, P., Cevenini, G., Bernardi, F., Massai, M.R., Gnudi, G., Avanzolini, G. (2001). Effect of compliant intermediate airways on total respiratory resistance and elastance in mechanical ventilation. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 23, 185-194 [10.1016/S1350-4533(01)00039-X].

Effect of compliant intermediate airways on total respiratory resistance and elastance in mechanical ventilation

BARBINI, PAOLO;CEVENINI, GABRIELE;MASSAI, MARIA RITA;
2001-01-01

Abstract

Total respiratory resistance and elastance were estimated off-line in a sample of 60 patients undergoing mechanical ventilation by means of two regression models in order to analyse and understand a possible physiological mechanism determining differences in inspiration and expiration. The first model considered a single value for resistance and elastance over a whole breathing cycle, whereas the second model considered separate values for inspiratory and expiratory resistance and a single value for elastance. Inspiratory resistance was found to be lower than expiratory resistance, and intermediate values were obtained for resistance estimated over the whole breathing cycle. Student's t-test showed a highly significant difference between these resistance estimates, and principal components analysis demonstrated a significant increase in information when both inspiratory and expiratory resistances were used. Minor differences were found between values of elastance calculated with the two approaches. In an attempt to interpret these experimental results, a lung model incorporating the non-linear viscoelastic properties of the intermediate airways was considered. This model suggested that changes in intermediate airway volume play a significant role in breathing mechanics during artificial ventilation and indicated that inspiratory and expiratory resistance could be useful parameters for locating airway obstruction.
Barbini, P., Cevenini, G., Bernardi, F., Massai, M.R., Gnudi, G., Avanzolini, G. (2001). Effect of compliant intermediate airways on total respiratory resistance and elastance in mechanical ventilation. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 23, 185-194 [10.1016/S1350-4533(01)00039-X].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/36368
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