Extracellular plasminogen activator inhibitor type-2 (PAI-2) is a potent inhibitor of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) and also acts as a multifunctional protein. However, the biological activity of intracellular PAI-2, as well as its intracellular targets, until now remain an enigma. Here, we show that pRb2/p130 and Rb1/p105, but not p107, interact with PAI-2 in both the cytoplasm and nucleus of normal primary human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells. We provided the first in vivo evidence that a specific fragment of the PAI-2 promoter is bound simultaneously by pRb2/ p130, PAI-2, E2F5, histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1), DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), and histone methyltransferase (SUV39H1), in normal primary human corneal epithelial cells, and by pRb2/p130, PAI-2, E2F5, HDAC1, and DNMT1, in normal primary human conjunctiva epithelial cells. Our results strongly indicate a physiological interaction between pRb family members and PAI-2, suggesting the hypothesis that pRb2/p130 and PAI-2 may cooperate in modulating PAI-2 gene expression by chromatin remodeling, in normal corneal and conjunctival cells

Macaluso, M., Montanari, M., Marshall, C.m., Gambone, A., Tosi, G.M., Giordano, A., et al. (2006). Cytoplasmic and nuclear interaction between Rb family proteins and PAI-2: a physiological cross-talk in human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells. CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION, 13(9), 1515-1522 [10.1038/sj.cdd.4401835].

Cytoplasmic and nuclear interaction between Rb family proteins and PAI-2: a physiological cross-talk in human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells

TOSI, GIAN MARCO;GIORDANO, ANTONIO;
2006

Abstract

Extracellular plasminogen activator inhibitor type-2 (PAI-2) is a potent inhibitor of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) and also acts as a multifunctional protein. However, the biological activity of intracellular PAI-2, as well as its intracellular targets, until now remain an enigma. Here, we show that pRb2/p130 and Rb1/p105, but not p107, interact with PAI-2 in both the cytoplasm and nucleus of normal primary human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells. We provided the first in vivo evidence that a specific fragment of the PAI-2 promoter is bound simultaneously by pRb2/ p130, PAI-2, E2F5, histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1), DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), and histone methyltransferase (SUV39H1), in normal primary human corneal epithelial cells, and by pRb2/p130, PAI-2, E2F5, HDAC1, and DNMT1, in normal primary human conjunctiva epithelial cells. Our results strongly indicate a physiological interaction between pRb family members and PAI-2, suggesting the hypothesis that pRb2/p130 and PAI-2 may cooperate in modulating PAI-2 gene expression by chromatin remodeling, in normal corneal and conjunctival cells
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/36290
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