Mechanisms underlying multidrug resistance (MDR), one of the major causes of cancer treatment failure, are still poorly understood. We selected the osteosarcoma MDR HosDXR150 cell line by culturing Hos cells in the presence of increasing doxorubicin doses and showed that it is crossresistant to vinblastine. Similarly to the Hos parental cell line, HosDXR150 cells present mutated p53, functionally inactivated pRb/p105 and wild-type pRb2/p130. Owing to p53 mutation, MDR-1 gene, codifying for P-glycoprotein, is upregulated. Evasion of apoptosis in HosDXR150 cells is only partially explained by drug extrusion because of P-glycoprotein overexpression. Analysis of gene expression level profiles showed that parental cell line undergoes apoptosis through an E2F1/p73-dependent pathway while its resistant variant evades it. This result can be explained by the presence of distinct E2Fs-pRb2/p130 complexes on the p73 promoter. Namely, in Hos p73 transcription is activated by E2F1-Rb2/p130-p300 complexes, while in HosDXR150 it is kept repressed by E2F4-Rb2/p130-HDAC1 complexes.
|Titolo:||Triggering of p73-dependent apoptosis in osteosarcoma is under the control of E2Fs-pRb2/p130 complexes.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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