A major problem in standardization of the islet cell cytoplasmic antibody (ICA) assay is variation in sensitivity of the different human pancreas substrates used in individual laboratories. To circumvent this problem, we have developed an assay that utilizes Wistar-Furth rat pancreas as substrate, an anti-islet monoclonal antibody (A2B5) to identify islets and fluorescein-conjugated protein A to identify patient autoantibodies. Sera from 85 control subjects, 27 type I diabetics, and 17 subjects at high risk for developing type I diabetes were assayed in parallel with our standard ICA assay on human pancreas substrate and with Wistar-Furth rat pancreas as substrate. Two sera from control subjects (2 of 85) were ICA positive with rat pancreas compared to 1 of 85 with human pancreas substrate. Sera from 11 of 27 type I diabetics and 15 of 17 sera from high-risk subjects were ICA positive with either rat or human pancreas substrate. A correlation between the specific islet fluorescence readings on human and rat pancreas sections was found with sera from high-risk and control subjects. Furthermore, end-point titers of an ICA-positive serum were identical with both assays. Finally, incubation of an ICA-positive serum with glycolipids, extracted from either human or Wistar-Furth rat pancreas, blocked subsequent ICA binding. These findings suggest that Wistar-Furth rat pancreas expresses an identical or similar autoantigen to human pancreas.
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|Titolo:||Expression of cytoplasmic islet cell antigens by rat pancreas.|
|Citazione:||Dib, S.A., Colman, P.G., Dotta, F., Tautkus, M., Rabizadeh, A., & Eisenbarth, G.S. (1987). Expression of cytoplasmic islet cell antigens by rat pancreas. DIABETES, 36(8), 982-985.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|