BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been demonstrated that polymorphisms within inflammation-related genes are associated with the risk of gastric carcinoma (GC) in people infected with Helicobacter pylori. Recently, polymorphisms in the gene encoding the interferon gamma receptor 1 (IFNGR1) were found to be associated with increased susceptibility to H pylori infection. We aimed to determine the association between polymorphisms in the IFNGR1 gene and development of chronic gastritis and GC. METHODS: In a case-control study including 733 controls, 213 patients with chronic gastritis and 393 patients with GC, the IFNGR1 -611*G/*A, -56*C/*T, +1004*A/*C and +1400*T/*C polymorphisms were genotyped. A second independent case-control study including 100 controls and 65 patients with GC was used for confirmation of the original results. The effect of the -56*C/*T promoter polymorphism in the level of expression of the IFNGR1 gene was evaluated by an IFNGR1 -56*C/*T allele specific luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: In patients with early onset GC (defined as being less than 40 years of age at the time of diagnosis) we found a significant over-representation of the IFNGR1 -56*T/*T homozygous genotype with an odds ratio (OR) of 4.1 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.6 to 10.6). This result was confirmed in a second independent case-control study. In the luciferase reporter assay we observed a 10-fold increase (p<0.001) in luciferase expression associated with the IFNGR1-56*T allele. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the IFNGR1 -56C/T polymorphism is a relevant host susceptibility factor for GC development. Our data also indicate that this genetic polymorphism is functionally relevant and may be related to the early development of GC.

Canedo, P., Corso, G., Pereira, F., Lunet, N., Suriano, G., Figueiredo, C., et al. (2008). The interferon gamma receptor 1 (IFNGR1) -56C/T gene polymorphism is associated with increased risk of early gastric carcinoma. GUT, 57(11), 1504-1508 [10.1136/gut.2007.143578].

The interferon gamma receptor 1 (IFNGR1) -56C/T gene polymorphism is associated with increased risk of early gastric carcinoma.

CORSO, GIOVANNI;PEDRAZZANI, CORRADO;ROVIELLO, FRANCO;
2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been demonstrated that polymorphisms within inflammation-related genes are associated with the risk of gastric carcinoma (GC) in people infected with Helicobacter pylori. Recently, polymorphisms in the gene encoding the interferon gamma receptor 1 (IFNGR1) were found to be associated with increased susceptibility to H pylori infection. We aimed to determine the association between polymorphisms in the IFNGR1 gene and development of chronic gastritis and GC. METHODS: In a case-control study including 733 controls, 213 patients with chronic gastritis and 393 patients with GC, the IFNGR1 -611*G/*A, -56*C/*T, +1004*A/*C and +1400*T/*C polymorphisms were genotyped. A second independent case-control study including 100 controls and 65 patients with GC was used for confirmation of the original results. The effect of the -56*C/*T promoter polymorphism in the level of expression of the IFNGR1 gene was evaluated by an IFNGR1 -56*C/*T allele specific luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: In patients with early onset GC (defined as being less than 40 years of age at the time of diagnosis) we found a significant over-representation of the IFNGR1 -56*T/*T homozygous genotype with an odds ratio (OR) of 4.1 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.6 to 10.6). This result was confirmed in a second independent case-control study. In the luciferase reporter assay we observed a 10-fold increase (p<0.001) in luciferase expression associated with the IFNGR1-56*T allele. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the IFNGR1 -56C/T polymorphism is a relevant host susceptibility factor for GC development. Our data also indicate that this genetic polymorphism is functionally relevant and may be related to the early development of GC.
GUT
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/35002
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