Cross-talk between insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and estrogen receptor alpha (ER) regulates gene expression in breast cancer cells, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we studied how 17-beta-estradiol (E2) and IGF-1 affect ER transcriptional machinery in MCF-7 cells. E2 treatment stimulated ER loading on the estrogen response element (ERE) in the pS2 promoter and on the AP-1 motif in the cyclin D1 promoter. On ERE, similar amounts of liganded ER were found at 1-24-h time points, whereas on AP-1, ER binding fluctuated over time. At 1 h, liganded ER was recruited to ERE together with histone acetyltransferases SRC-1 and p300, ubiquitin ligase E6-AP, histone methyltransferase Carm1 (Carm), and polymerase (pol) II. This coincided with increased histone H3 acetylation and up-regulation of pS2 mRNA levels. At the same time, E2 moderately increased cyclin D1 expression, which was associated with the recruitment of liganded ER, SRC-1, p300, ubiquitin ligase E6-AP (E6L), Mdm2, and pol II, but not other regulatory proteins, to AP-1. In contrast, at 1 h, IGF-1 increased the recruitment of the ER.SRC-1.p300.E6L.Mdm2.Carm.pol II complex on AP-1, but not on ERE, and induced cyclin D1, but not pS2, mRNA expression. Notably, ER knockdown reduced the association of ER, E6L, Mdm2, Carm, and pol II with AP-1 and resulted in down-regulation of cyclin D1 expression. IGF-1 potentiated the effects of E2 on ERE but not to AP-1 and increased E2-dependent pS2, but not cyclin D1, mRNA expression. In conclusion, E2 and IGF-1 differentially regulate ER transcription at ERE and AP-1 sites.
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|Titolo:||Insulin-like growth factor 1 differentially regulates estrogen receptor-dependent transcription at estrogen response element and AP-1 sites in breast cancer cells|
|Citazione:||Cascio, S., Bartella, V., Garofalo, C., Russo, A., Giordano, A., & Surmacz, E. (2007). Insulin-like growth factor 1 differentially regulates estrogen receptor-dependent transcription at estrogen response element and AP-1 sites in breast cancer cells. THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 282(6), 3498-3506.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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