The present paper addresses the issue of correctly estimating the peaks in the speech envelope (formants) occurring in newborn infant cry. Clinical studies have shown that the analysis of such spectral characteristics is a helpful noninvasive diagnostic tool. In fact it can be applied to explore brain function at very early stages of child development, for a timely diagnosis of neonatal disease and malformation. The paper focuses on the performance comparison between some classical parametric and non-parametric estimation techniques particularly well suited for the present application, specifically the LP, ARX and cepstrum approaches. It is shown that, if the model order is correctly chosen, parametric methods are in general more reliable and robust against noise, but exhibit a less uniform behaviour than cepstrum. The methods are compared also in terms of tracking capability, since the signals under study are nonstationary. Both simulated and real signals are used in order to outline the relevant features of the proposed approaches.
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|Titolo:||Parametric and non-parametric estimation of speech formants: Application to infant cry|
|Rivista:||MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS|
|Citazione:||Fort, A., Ismaelli, A., Manfredi, C., & Bruscaglioni, P. (1996). Parametric and non-parametric estimation of speech formants: Application to infant cry. MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, 18, 677-691.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|