An in-house reverse transcription (RT)-competitive PCR (RT-cPCR) for the quantitation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA in plasma samples was developed and validated. The procedure involves (i) extraction of RNA with spin columns, (ii) ready-to-use bead-mediated RT, (iii) competitive PCR in a microtiter plate, (iv) agarose gel electrophoresis of the reaction products, and (v) densitometric analysis of the digitized image of the gel. Quadruplicate tests and dilution studies showed that the sensitivity and intertest coefficient of variability of the RT-cPCR are comparable to those of the reference AMPLICOR HIV-1 MONITOR test. The results obtained by the two assays with a panel of 45 clinical samples were in good agreement (mean difference, 0.36 +/- 0.25 log units). Analysis of 1,982 clinical samples by the in-house RT-cPCR yielded the typical range of plasma HIV-1 RNA levels with the expected inverse correlation between CD4 counts and HIV-1 RNA titers. In addition, testing of plasma from 36 subjects at weeks 0 and 4 with respect to the time of initiation of protease inhibitor therapy detected a significant decrease in HIV-1 viremia. The mean reduction in the HIV-1 RNA level was 0.914 log unit for those receiving saquinavir (P = 0.0210), 1.584 log units for those receiving indinavir (P = 0.0047), and 1.904 log units for those receiving ritonavir (P < 0.0001). The in-house RT-cPCR assay is simple to develop and perform and allows quantitation of HIV-1 RNA in 100 to 200 samples per operator per week. Since the cost is 1/8 to 1/10 of those of reference commercial assays, this procedure could be conveniently used in medium-scale laboratories.

Zazzi, M., Romano, L., Catucci, M., Venturi, G., DE MILITO, A., Valensin, P.E. (1999). Clinical evaluation of an in-house reverse transcription-competitive PCR for quantitation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 plasma RNA. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, 37, 333-338.

Clinical evaluation of an in-house reverse transcription-competitive PCR for quantitation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 plasma RNA.

ZAZZI, MAURIZIO;ROMANO, LAURA;VALENSIN, PIER EGISTO
1999-01-01

Abstract

An in-house reverse transcription (RT)-competitive PCR (RT-cPCR) for the quantitation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA in plasma samples was developed and validated. The procedure involves (i) extraction of RNA with spin columns, (ii) ready-to-use bead-mediated RT, (iii) competitive PCR in a microtiter plate, (iv) agarose gel electrophoresis of the reaction products, and (v) densitometric analysis of the digitized image of the gel. Quadruplicate tests and dilution studies showed that the sensitivity and intertest coefficient of variability of the RT-cPCR are comparable to those of the reference AMPLICOR HIV-1 MONITOR test. The results obtained by the two assays with a panel of 45 clinical samples were in good agreement (mean difference, 0.36 +/- 0.25 log units). Analysis of 1,982 clinical samples by the in-house RT-cPCR yielded the typical range of plasma HIV-1 RNA levels with the expected inverse correlation between CD4 counts and HIV-1 RNA titers. In addition, testing of plasma from 36 subjects at weeks 0 and 4 with respect to the time of initiation of protease inhibitor therapy detected a significant decrease in HIV-1 viremia. The mean reduction in the HIV-1 RNA level was 0.914 log unit for those receiving saquinavir (P = 0.0210), 1.584 log units for those receiving indinavir (P = 0.0047), and 1.904 log units for those receiving ritonavir (P < 0.0001). The in-house RT-cPCR assay is simple to develop and perform and allows quantitation of HIV-1 RNA in 100 to 200 samples per operator per week. Since the cost is 1/8 to 1/10 of those of reference commercial assays, this procedure could be conveniently used in medium-scale laboratories.
Zazzi, M., Romano, L., Catucci, M., Venturi, G., DE MILITO, A., Valensin, P.E. (1999). Clinical evaluation of an in-house reverse transcription-competitive PCR for quantitation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 plasma RNA. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, 37, 333-338.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1999JCM.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Post-print
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 227.07 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
227.07 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/34716
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo