OBJECTIVE: Recent evidence suggests that anti-Ro/SSA antibodies, strongly associated with the development of congenital heart block, may also be arrhythmogenic for the adult heart. In fact, anti-Ro/SSA-positive patients with connective tissue disease (CTD) frequently display corrected QT (QTc) prolongation associated with an increase in ventricular arrhythmias. However, QTc prolongation prevalence markedly differs throughout the studies (10-60%), but the reason why is not yet clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether anti-Ro/SSA-associated QTc prolongation in adult patients with CTD is related to antibody level and specificity. METHODS: Forty-nine adult patients with CTD underwent a resting 12-lead electrocardiogram recording to measure QTc interval, and a venous withdrawal to determine anti-Ro/SSA antibody level and specificity (anti-Ro/SSA 52 kd and anti-Ro/SSA 60 kd) by immunoenzymatic methods and Western blotting. RESULTS: In our population, a direct correlation was demonstrated between anti-Ro/SSA 52-kd level and QTc duration (r = 0.38, P = 0.007), patients with a prolonged QTc had higher levels of anti-Ro/SSA 52 kd with respect to those with a normal QTc (P = 0.003), and patients with a moderate to high level (≥50 units/ml) of anti-Ro/SSA 52 kd showed a longer QTc interval (P = 0.008) and a higher QTc prolongation prevalence (P = 0.008) than those with a low positive/negative level (<50 units/ml). On the contrary, no association was found between QTc and anti-Ro/SSA 60-kd level. CONCLUSION: In anti-Ro/SSA-positive adult patients with CTD, the occurrence of QTc prolongation seems strictly dependent on the anti-Ro/SSA 52-kd level. This finding, possibly explaining the different QTc prolongation prevalence reported, strengthens the hypothesis that an extremely specific autoimmune cross-reaction is responsible for the anti-Ro/SSA-dependent interference on ventricular repolarization.
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|Titolo:||Anti-Ro/SSA-associated corrected QT interval prolongation in adults: the role of antibody level and specificity.|
|Citazione:||Lazzerini, P.E., Capecchi, P.L., Acampa, M., Morozzi, G., Bellisai, F., Bacarelli, M.r., et al. (2011). Anti-Ro/SSA-associated corrected QT interval prolongation in adults: the role of antibody level and specificity. ARTHRITIS CARE & RESEARCH, 63(10), 1463-1470.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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