INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is pathophysiologically characterized by a combination of insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction. Consequently, a proper treatment of such a disease should target both of these defects. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are among the most recent additions to the therapeutic options for T2DM and are able to increase circulating levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), thus stimulating glucose-dependent insulin secretion. AREAS COVERED: This paper provides an overview of the clinical results of combination therapy with metformin and the DPP-4 inhibitor vildagliptin in T2DM patients. EXPERT OPINION: Vildagliptin-metformin single-tablet combination is indicated for the treatment of T2DM patients not achieving a sufficient glycemic control at their maximally tolerated dose of metformin. Results from clinical trials provide evidence of vildagliptin efficacy administered in addition to metformin, as either first- or second-line treatment. The vildagliptin-metformin association seems to have favorable effects on beta-cell function and is characterized by good safety and tolerability profiles when compared with other antidiabetic agents. Of note, data available suggest that administration of fixed-dose combination products, together with the low incidence of adverse gastrointestinal events, may improve compliance and adherence of patients to therapy, resulting in an improved metabolic control.
|Titolo:||Combination therapy with metformin plus vildagliptin in type 2 diabetes mellitus|
|Citazione:||Guarino, E., Nigi, L., Patti, A., Fondelli, C., & Dotta, F. (2012). Combination therapy with metformin plus vildagliptin in type 2 diabetes mellitus. EXPERT OPINION ON PHARMACOTHERAPY, 13(9), 1377-1384.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|