OBJECTIVE: Activation-induced cell death (AICD) is a major mechanism in the regulation of peripheral tolerance and its impairment can determine the development of autoimmunity. In the present study, in order to evaluate the role of caspase-3 in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) AICD, caspase-3 expression was analyzed in peripheral blood lymphocytes from 37 new onset T1DM patients and from 36 normal control subjects (NC) in resting conditions and after anti-Fas-triggered apoptosis. METHODS: Caspase-3 expression was determined by semiquantitative RT-PCR and Western blot. Apoptosis was induced in activated lymphocytes by anti-Fas monoclonal antibody and quantified by flow cytometry and morphological analysis. RESULTS: Caspase-3 mRNA expression was reduced in resting lymphocytes in 18/37 T1DM patients and in 1/36 NC (P < 0.01). Patients studied for both Fas-mediated AICD and caspase-3 mRNA expression revealed that a reduced caspase-3 mRNA expression in resting lymphocytes occurred in all patients showing resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis (T1DM vs NC, P < 0.02) with the exception of 3 patients who exhibited normal caspase-3 expression levels. Caspase-3 protein analysis confirmed mRNA data and showed an impaired expression of caspase-3 active form in T1DM subjects compared with NC. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that defective expression and function of caspase-3 in peripheral lymphocytes of T1DM patients may contribute to the development of AICD resistance in type 1 diabetes.

Vendrame, F., Santangelo, C., Misasi, R., Dionisi, S., Gizzi, C., Realacci, M., et al. (2005). Defective lymphocyte caspase-3 expression in type 1 diabetes mellitus. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY, 152(1), 119-125 [10.1530/eje.1.01813].

Defective lymphocyte caspase-3 expression in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

DOTTA, FRANCESCO
2005

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Activation-induced cell death (AICD) is a major mechanism in the regulation of peripheral tolerance and its impairment can determine the development of autoimmunity. In the present study, in order to evaluate the role of caspase-3 in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) AICD, caspase-3 expression was analyzed in peripheral blood lymphocytes from 37 new onset T1DM patients and from 36 normal control subjects (NC) in resting conditions and after anti-Fas-triggered apoptosis. METHODS: Caspase-3 expression was determined by semiquantitative RT-PCR and Western blot. Apoptosis was induced in activated lymphocytes by anti-Fas monoclonal antibody and quantified by flow cytometry and morphological analysis. RESULTS: Caspase-3 mRNA expression was reduced in resting lymphocytes in 18/37 T1DM patients and in 1/36 NC (P < 0.01). Patients studied for both Fas-mediated AICD and caspase-3 mRNA expression revealed that a reduced caspase-3 mRNA expression in resting lymphocytes occurred in all patients showing resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis (T1DM vs NC, P < 0.02) with the exception of 3 patients who exhibited normal caspase-3 expression levels. Caspase-3 protein analysis confirmed mRNA data and showed an impaired expression of caspase-3 active form in T1DM subjects compared with NC. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that defective expression and function of caspase-3 in peripheral lymphocytes of T1DM patients may contribute to the development of AICD resistance in type 1 diabetes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/33976
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