The optical properties of the waters of five different stations, three located in the Messina Strait and two near the Strait (open sea), were analysed. Direct spectral measurements of the downward solar irradiance (290 – 800 nm) at different depths (0.5 m, 7 m, 10 m, 13 m, 20 m) were made using a cosine sensor connected to a spectroradiometer. Water samples were collected in the surface layer and their absorption spectra were analysed. The natural fluorescence profiles, along the water column, were determined using a fluorometer (SBE 911plus – Sea Teach). The spectral attenuation coefficient (Kλ), the variation of Kλ in different wavelength ranges (ΔKΔλ), the wavelength corresponding to minimum value of Kλ, the spectral depths of penetration of both 1% and 10% of the sub-surface irradiance values (Pλ), the depths of 1% of penetration of UVB, UVA and PAR, the depth ranges of the maxim concentration of Chl a and superficial CDOM were measured at each station. The maximum solar UVB penetration was about 65% of the photic zone and the maximum UVA penetration was nearly 100% (data of the Ionic sea station). Thus, a large part of the photic zone was exposed to UV radiation sufficient to cause a possible reduction in the photosynthetic activity of phytoplankton. The spectral penetration of solar radiation, especially UVB radiation, was significantly different in the three stations of the Strait with respect to the two stations studied in the open sea. This shows that variations in the spectral attenuation along the water column can be used as an indicator of properties of the water body.

Dattilo, A.M., Decembrini, F., Bracchini, L., Focardi, S., Mazzuoli, S., & Rossi, C. (2005). Penetration of solar radiation into waters of Messina Strait (Italy). ANNALI DI CHIMICA, 95, 177-184.

Penetration of solar radiation into waters of Messina Strait (Italy)

FOCARDI, SILVIA;ROSSI, CLAUDIO
2005

Abstract

The optical properties of the waters of five different stations, three located in the Messina Strait and two near the Strait (open sea), were analysed. Direct spectral measurements of the downward solar irradiance (290 – 800 nm) at different depths (0.5 m, 7 m, 10 m, 13 m, 20 m) were made using a cosine sensor connected to a spectroradiometer. Water samples were collected in the surface layer and their absorption spectra were analysed. The natural fluorescence profiles, along the water column, were determined using a fluorometer (SBE 911plus – Sea Teach). The spectral attenuation coefficient (Kλ), the variation of Kλ in different wavelength ranges (ΔKΔλ), the wavelength corresponding to minimum value of Kλ, the spectral depths of penetration of both 1% and 10% of the sub-surface irradiance values (Pλ), the depths of 1% of penetration of UVB, UVA and PAR, the depth ranges of the maxim concentration of Chl a and superficial CDOM were measured at each station. The maximum solar UVB penetration was about 65% of the photic zone and the maximum UVA penetration was nearly 100% (data of the Ionic sea station). Thus, a large part of the photic zone was exposed to UV radiation sufficient to cause a possible reduction in the photosynthetic activity of phytoplankton. The spectral penetration of solar radiation, especially UVB radiation, was significantly different in the three stations of the Strait with respect to the two stations studied in the open sea. This shows that variations in the spectral attenuation along the water column can be used as an indicator of properties of the water body.
Dattilo, A.M., Decembrini, F., Bracchini, L., Focardi, S., Mazzuoli, S., & Rossi, C. (2005). Penetration of solar radiation into waters of Messina Strait (Italy). ANNALI DI CHIMICA, 95, 177-184.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/33964
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