The compounds 1-isopropylamino-3-(2-isopropyl-5-methyl-phenoxy)-propan-2-ol oxalate (5) and 1-tert-butylamino-3-(2-isopropyl-5-methyl-phenoxy)-propan-2-ol oxalate (6) were synthesized from thymol (1), a naturally occurring agent in Thymus vulgaris L. Pharmacological evaluation of 5 and 6 were carried out using mouse ECG and isolated rat uterus models. Pretreatment of 5 (100 microg/kg, i.v.) and 6 (50 microg/kg, i.v.) antagonized isoprenaline (2 microg/kg, i.v.) induced tachycardia, similar to that of atenolol (CAS 29122-68-7, 20 microg/kg, i.v.) pretreatment in mouse ECG experiments as measured by R-R interval. Pretreatment of 5 and 6 blocked isoprenaline and adrenaline induced relaxation of isolated rat uterus (unprimed). Also the compounds 5 and 6 were subjected to in vitro beta1- and beta2-adrenergic receptor binding assay using turkey erythrocyte membrane (beta1) and lung homogenate of rats (beta2). Both 5 and 6 showed beta-adrenergic receptor affinity comparable with that of propranolol (propranolol hydrochloride, CAS 318-98-9) with out selectivity to any one beta-adrenergic receptor. These results suggest that both the compounds possess non-selective beta-adrenergic blocking activity, with the tert-butyl derivative 6 being more active than the isopropyl derivative 5.

Jindal, D.P., Coumar, M.S., Nandakumar, K., Bodhankar, S.L., Purohit, P.G., Mahadik, K.R., et al. (2003). Synthesis, beta-adrenergic blocking activity and beta-receptor binding affinities of 1-substituted-3-(2-isopropyl-5-methyl-phenoxy)-propan-2-ol oxalates. IL FARMACO, 58(8), 557-562 [10.1016/S0014-827X(03)00083-1].

Synthesis, beta-adrenergic blocking activity and beta-receptor binding affinities of 1-substituted-3-(2-isopropyl-5-methyl-phenoxy)-propan-2-ol oxalates

BRUNI, GIANCARLO;MASSARELLI, PAOLA
2003

Abstract

The compounds 1-isopropylamino-3-(2-isopropyl-5-methyl-phenoxy)-propan-2-ol oxalate (5) and 1-tert-butylamino-3-(2-isopropyl-5-methyl-phenoxy)-propan-2-ol oxalate (6) were synthesized from thymol (1), a naturally occurring agent in Thymus vulgaris L. Pharmacological evaluation of 5 and 6 were carried out using mouse ECG and isolated rat uterus models. Pretreatment of 5 (100 microg/kg, i.v.) and 6 (50 microg/kg, i.v.) antagonized isoprenaline (2 microg/kg, i.v.) induced tachycardia, similar to that of atenolol (CAS 29122-68-7, 20 microg/kg, i.v.) pretreatment in mouse ECG experiments as measured by R-R interval. Pretreatment of 5 and 6 blocked isoprenaline and adrenaline induced relaxation of isolated rat uterus (unprimed). Also the compounds 5 and 6 were subjected to in vitro beta1- and beta2-adrenergic receptor binding assay using turkey erythrocyte membrane (beta1) and lung homogenate of rats (beta2). Both 5 and 6 showed beta-adrenergic receptor affinity comparable with that of propranolol (propranolol hydrochloride, CAS 318-98-9) with out selectivity to any one beta-adrenergic receptor. These results suggest that both the compounds possess non-selective beta-adrenergic blocking activity, with the tert-butyl derivative 6 being more active than the isopropyl derivative 5.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/33492
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