CONTEXT: Activation-induced cell death (AICD) is a major mechanism in the regulation of peripheral tolerance, and caspase-3 represents its major executioner. AICD impairment contributes to the persistence of autoreactive T cells, and defective AICD has been reported in autoimmune thyroiditis as well as in type 1 diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the involvement of caspase-3 in the regulation of AICD resistance in thyroid and polyendocrine autoimmunity. DESIGN/SETTINGS/PATIENTS/INTERVENTION: Caspase-3 expression was analyzed in peripheral blood lymphocytes from 26 adults (A-AT) and 25 children (Y-AT) affected by autoimmune thyroiditis and 13 individuals affected by chronic autoimmune thyroiditis plus Addison's disease [autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome-2 (APS-2)] in comparison with 32 age-matched normal control subjects (NC). OUTCOME MEASURES: Caspase-3 mRNA expression in peripheral T cells was evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR; protein expression of both procaspase-3 and activated caspase-3 by Western blot analysis was followed by scanning densitometry. RESULTS: Caspase-3 mRNA expression was significantly reduced in resting lymphocytes from both A-AT (P = 0.001) and Y-AT (P = 0.016) compared with NC. After lymphocyte activation, protein levels of caspase-3 active form were significantly reduced in A-AT (P = 0.023) and Y-AT (P = 0.001) compared with NC. The APS-2 group displayed characteristics similar to the A-AT group because both caspase-3 mRNA and protein active form levels were significantly reduced compared with NC (P = 0.004 and 0.002, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our data show that peripheral lymphocytes of subjects affected by thyroid autoimmunity or APS-2 show defective expression of the major executioner of AICD, thus potentially contributing to AICD resistance and to the development of autoimmunity.

Vendrame, F., Segni, M., Grassetti, D., Tellone, V., Augello, G., Trischitta, V., et al. (2006). Impaired caspase-3 expression by peripheral T cells in chronic autoimmune thyroiditis and in autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome-2. THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 91(12), 5064-5068 [10.1210/jc.2006-1358].

Impaired caspase-3 expression by peripheral T cells in chronic autoimmune thyroiditis and in autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome-2.

DOTTA, FRANCESCO
2006

Abstract

CONTEXT: Activation-induced cell death (AICD) is a major mechanism in the regulation of peripheral tolerance, and caspase-3 represents its major executioner. AICD impairment contributes to the persistence of autoreactive T cells, and defective AICD has been reported in autoimmune thyroiditis as well as in type 1 diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the involvement of caspase-3 in the regulation of AICD resistance in thyroid and polyendocrine autoimmunity. DESIGN/SETTINGS/PATIENTS/INTERVENTION: Caspase-3 expression was analyzed in peripheral blood lymphocytes from 26 adults (A-AT) and 25 children (Y-AT) affected by autoimmune thyroiditis and 13 individuals affected by chronic autoimmune thyroiditis plus Addison's disease [autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome-2 (APS-2)] in comparison with 32 age-matched normal control subjects (NC). OUTCOME MEASURES: Caspase-3 mRNA expression in peripheral T cells was evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR; protein expression of both procaspase-3 and activated caspase-3 by Western blot analysis was followed by scanning densitometry. RESULTS: Caspase-3 mRNA expression was significantly reduced in resting lymphocytes from both A-AT (P = 0.001) and Y-AT (P = 0.016) compared with NC. After lymphocyte activation, protein levels of caspase-3 active form were significantly reduced in A-AT (P = 0.023) and Y-AT (P = 0.001) compared with NC. The APS-2 group displayed characteristics similar to the A-AT group because both caspase-3 mRNA and protein active form levels were significantly reduced compared with NC (P = 0.004 and 0.002, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our data show that peripheral lymphocytes of subjects affected by thyroid autoimmunity or APS-2 show defective expression of the major executioner of AICD, thus potentially contributing to AICD resistance and to the development of autoimmunity.
Vendrame, F., Segni, M., Grassetti, D., Tellone, V., Augello, G., Trischitta, V., et al. (2006). Impaired caspase-3 expression by peripheral T cells in chronic autoimmune thyroiditis and in autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome-2. THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 91(12), 5064-5068 [10.1210/jc.2006-1358].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/33168
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