Aims: The relative role of multiple determinants of left atrial volume index (LAVi) in athletes and non-athletes is not fully defined. Thus, we decided to prospectively assess the determinants of LAVi in healthy individuals and competitive athletes over a wide age range. Methods and results Four hundred and eighteen healthy individuals (mean age 41.7±15.6 years, range 16-84, 65% males, 38% competitive athletes) underwent Doppler echocardiography including assessment of LAVi by the biplane area-length method and of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function including the ratio of early diastolic peak LV inflow velocity to peak myocardial early diastolic velocity (E/e'). Mean LAVi was 32.2±9.0 mL/m 2 in the pooled population. LAVi was larger in athletes than in non-athletes (38.9±9.6 mL/m 2 vs. 28.4±5.8 mL/m 2, P , 0.0001). In the pooled population a stepwise multiple linear regression analysis identified LV end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVi) (β = 0.378, P < 0.0001), LV mass index (LVMi) (β = 0.260, P < 0.0001), competitive sport activity (β = 0.258, P < 0.0001), and age (β = 0.222, P < 0.0001) as independent determinants of LAVi (model R 2 = 0.54, P < 0.0001). By separate analyses, although LVEDVi, age, and LVMi were predictors of LAVi in both groups, body mass index and the E/e' ratio were additional predictors of LAVi only in non-athletes. Conclusions: In healthy individuals LV size, competitive sport, age, and LV mass are independent determinants of LAVi. Body mass index and the E/e' ratio affect LAVi only in non-athletes. These findings may have practical implications when assessing normalcy of LA size in the clinical setting.
|Titolo:||Determinants of echocardiographic left atrial volume: implications for normalcy|
|Citazione:||Determinants of echocardiographic left atrial volume: implications for normalcy / Nistri, S; Galderisi, M; Ballo, P; Olivotto, I; D'Andrea, A; Pagliani, L; Santoro, A; Papesso, B; Innelli, P; Cecchi, F; Mondillo, S. - STAMPA. - 12:11(2011), pp. 826-833.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|