The HIV-1 subsubtype A1 epidemic of the former Soviet Union (FSU) was caused by an A1 variant apparently derived from a single introduction event. We identified an A1 variant highly related to the A1 lineage circulating in the FSU in a patient from Conakry, Republic of Guinea, who was diagnosed with HIV-1 when he moved to Italy in 2002. The most probable route of infection was two blood transfusions received in his country of origin in 1998. Full-length (9781 bp) molecular characterization revealed that this strain was evolutionarily parental to, but distinct from, the A1 lineage circulating in the FSU. Similar results were obtained analyzing partial genome sequences. A full-length sequence similarity plot and bootscanning analysis supported this evidence and excluded any potential recombination events with other HIV-1 variants. This viral strain represents the first evidence of an African patient infected by an A1 subtype related to the A1 variants spreading in FSU countries. The identification of this distinct A1 variant may support the origin of the Russian A epidemic from West Africa.

Riva, C., Romano, L., Saladini, F., Lai, A., Carr, J., Francisci, D., et al. (2008). Identification of a Possible Ancestor of the Subtype A1 HIV Type 1 Variant Circulating in the Former Soviet Union. AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES, 24(10), 1319-1325 [10.1089/aid.2008.0119].

Identification of a Possible Ancestor of the Subtype A1 HIV Type 1 Variant Circulating in the Former Soviet Union

ROMANO L;SALADINI F;M. ZAZZI
2008-01-01

Abstract

The HIV-1 subsubtype A1 epidemic of the former Soviet Union (FSU) was caused by an A1 variant apparently derived from a single introduction event. We identified an A1 variant highly related to the A1 lineage circulating in the FSU in a patient from Conakry, Republic of Guinea, who was diagnosed with HIV-1 when he moved to Italy in 2002. The most probable route of infection was two blood transfusions received in his country of origin in 1998. Full-length (9781 bp) molecular characterization revealed that this strain was evolutionarily parental to, but distinct from, the A1 lineage circulating in the FSU. Similar results were obtained analyzing partial genome sequences. A full-length sequence similarity plot and bootscanning analysis supported this evidence and excluded any potential recombination events with other HIV-1 variants. This viral strain represents the first evidence of an African patient infected by an A1 subtype related to the A1 variants spreading in FSU countries. The identification of this distinct A1 variant may support the origin of the Russian A epidemic from West Africa.
Riva, C., Romano, L., Saladini, F., Lai, A., Carr, J., Francisci, D., et al. (2008). Identification of a Possible Ancestor of the Subtype A1 HIV Type 1 Variant Circulating in the Former Soviet Union. AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES, 24(10), 1319-1325 [10.1089/aid.2008.0119].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/32200
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