The partial genome sequences of a serotype 3 and a serotype 2 pneumococcal strain were compared to the complete type 4 pneumococcal genome. Over 500000 and 150000 base pairs of the partial genome data, obtained from published patents, were analysed respectively. Global alignment showed that nearly the whole genome is highly conserved in accordance with data of multilocus sequence typing of housekeeping genes. The search for clone-specific genes revealed 17 new open reading frames in the type 3 strain, while no new open reading frame was detected in the type 2 strain. Allelic variation of genes was restricted by the use of crude sequence data, but still permitted identification of some new alleles and the observation that all surface proteins present in the partial genome data were highly conserved. In both strains we observed also a variety of chromosomal rearrangements and variations due to mobile genetic elements. All together, this comparative genomic approach gives a genome-based overview of strain relatedness and a prospective on what could be expected when sequencing other pneumococcal strains.

Oggioni, M.R., & Pozzi, G. (2001). Comparative genomics for identification of clone-specific sequence blocks in Streptococcus pneumoniae. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY LETTERS, 200(2), 137-143.

Comparative genomics for identification of clone-specific sequence blocks in Streptococcus pneumoniae

POZZI, GIANNI
2001

Abstract

The partial genome sequences of a serotype 3 and a serotype 2 pneumococcal strain were compared to the complete type 4 pneumococcal genome. Over 500000 and 150000 base pairs of the partial genome data, obtained from published patents, were analysed respectively. Global alignment showed that nearly the whole genome is highly conserved in accordance with data of multilocus sequence typing of housekeeping genes. The search for clone-specific genes revealed 17 new open reading frames in the type 3 strain, while no new open reading frame was detected in the type 2 strain. Allelic variation of genes was restricted by the use of crude sequence data, but still permitted identification of some new alleles and the observation that all surface proteins present in the partial genome data were highly conserved. In both strains we observed also a variety of chromosomal rearrangements and variations due to mobile genetic elements. All together, this comparative genomic approach gives a genome-based overview of strain relatedness and a prospective on what could be expected when sequencing other pneumococcal strains.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/32023
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