A series of oxypropanolamine derivatives of 3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine were synthesized and evaluated for inotropic, chronotropic and coronary vasodilating activities in the canine heart, affinity to beta(1)-adrenergic receptor in turkey erythrocytes and affinity to the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor in the rat lung. Among these compounds, 4-acetyl-6-(3-tert-butylamino-2-hydroxy)propoxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine showed 2.1-fold more potent affinity to the beta(1) receptor than propranolol and 7-(3-tert-butylamino-2-hydroxy)propoxy-N-butyryl-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine showed 2.5-fold more potent affinity to the beta(2) receptor and furthermore 4 386-fold more potent selectivity to the beta(2) receptor than propranolol. In addition, 4-acetyl-6-[3-(3,4-dimethoxybenzyl)amino-2-hydroxy]propoxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine showed 1.1-fold more potent affinity to the beta(1) receptor than propranolol and also 1 147-foId more potent selectivity to the beta(1) receptor. With a few exceptions, negative inotropic and chronotropic actions of these compounds were dependent on the size of the 4-substituent obeying the order: unsubstituted < acetyl < propanoyl < butanoyl, while the benzoyl substituent conferred even stronger negative actions in the 6-oxypropanolamine derivatives. Neither negative inotropic and chronotropic actions related with affinity to beta(1)-adrenoceptor nor coronary vasodilator action related with affinity to beta(2)-adrenoceptor were observed. 4-acetyl-7-[3-(3,4-dimethoxybenzyl)amino-2-hydroxy]propoxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine exerted potent positive inotropic, chronotropic and coronary vasodilating actions. The inotropic and chronotropic actions of the latter compound may be attributed to the release of intrinsic catecholamines, as concluded by the absence of beta(1)-adrenoceptor affinity and disappearance of activity in the presence of a beta-blocker.

Iakovou, K., Kazanis, M., Vavayannis, A., Bruni, G., Romeo, M.R., Massarelli, P., et al. (1999). Synthesis of oxypropanolamine derivatives of 3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxamine, beta-adrenergic affinity, inotropic, chronotropic and coronary vasodilating activities. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 34(11), 903-917 [10.1016/S0223-5234(99)00109-9].

Synthesis of oxypropanolamine derivatives of 3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxamine, beta-adrenergic affinity, inotropic, chronotropic and coronary vasodilating activities

BRUNI, GIANCARLO;MASSARELLI, PAOLA;
1999

Abstract

A series of oxypropanolamine derivatives of 3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine were synthesized and evaluated for inotropic, chronotropic and coronary vasodilating activities in the canine heart, affinity to beta(1)-adrenergic receptor in turkey erythrocytes and affinity to the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor in the rat lung. Among these compounds, 4-acetyl-6-(3-tert-butylamino-2-hydroxy)propoxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine showed 2.1-fold more potent affinity to the beta(1) receptor than propranolol and 7-(3-tert-butylamino-2-hydroxy)propoxy-N-butyryl-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine showed 2.5-fold more potent affinity to the beta(2) receptor and furthermore 4 386-fold more potent selectivity to the beta(2) receptor than propranolol. In addition, 4-acetyl-6-[3-(3,4-dimethoxybenzyl)amino-2-hydroxy]propoxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine showed 1.1-fold more potent affinity to the beta(1) receptor than propranolol and also 1 147-foId more potent selectivity to the beta(1) receptor. With a few exceptions, negative inotropic and chronotropic actions of these compounds were dependent on the size of the 4-substituent obeying the order: unsubstituted < acetyl < propanoyl < butanoyl, while the benzoyl substituent conferred even stronger negative actions in the 6-oxypropanolamine derivatives. Neither negative inotropic and chronotropic actions related with affinity to beta(1)-adrenoceptor nor coronary vasodilator action related with affinity to beta(2)-adrenoceptor were observed. 4-acetyl-7-[3-(3,4-dimethoxybenzyl)amino-2-hydroxy]propoxy-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine exerted potent positive inotropic, chronotropic and coronary vasodilating actions. The inotropic and chronotropic actions of the latter compound may be attributed to the release of intrinsic catecholamines, as concluded by the absence of beta(1)-adrenoceptor affinity and disappearance of activity in the presence of a beta-blocker.
Iakovou, K., Kazanis, M., Vavayannis, A., Bruni, G., Romeo, M.R., Massarelli, P., et al. (1999). Synthesis of oxypropanolamine derivatives of 3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxamine, beta-adrenergic affinity, inotropic, chronotropic and coronary vasodilating activities. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 34(11), 903-917 [10.1016/S0223-5234(99)00109-9].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/31717
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