Abstract OBJECTIVES: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) elicits more beneficial effects on left-ventricular (LV) structure and function, and long-term clinical outcomes in nonischemic heart failure patients. Rates of β-blocker use in recent heart failure trials are higher than in CRT trials and this may influence the response to CRT. This study examined the long-term effects of CRT on LV structure and function in New York Heart Association class III-IV β-blocker-treated patients. METHODS: One hundred and four (41 ischemic and 63 nonischemic) CRT patients, who were receiving β-blockers before and throughout 12 months following device implantation, were retrospectively selected. Variations in echocardiographic parameters recorded before, and 6 and 12 months after CRT were analyzed. RESULTS: Selected patients were all stable on β-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (97%) and diuretics (97%) before implantation. CRT was associated with significant improvements in LV morphological and systo-diastolic functional parameters at 6 months, with further improvements between 6 and 12 months seen in nonischemic patients only. Accordingly, rates of echocardiographic response to CRT were similar at 6 months but significantly higher in nonischemic patients after 1 year. The degree of reduction in LV diameters and volumes, and of increase in ejection fraction, was significantly larger in nonischemic patients at both 6 and 12 months. In addition, a significant reduction in LV mass and severity of mitral regurgitation was more evident in nonischemic patients both 6 and 12 months following CRT. CONCLUSIONS: Ischemic aetiology of heart failure is associated with less favorable long-term effects of CRT on LV structure and function despite the systematic use of β-blockers.

Zacà, V., Baiocchi, C., Gaddi, R., Gentilini, R., Lunghetti, S., Padeletti, M., et al. (2011). Influence of aetiology on long-term effects of resynchronization on cardiac structure and function in patients treated with β-blockers. JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE, 12(4), 227-233 [10.2459/JCM.0b013e328343d600].

Influence of aetiology on long-term effects of resynchronization on cardiac structure and function in patients treated with β-blockers.

PADELETTI, MARGHERITA;MONDILLO, SERGIO;
2011

Abstract

Abstract OBJECTIVES: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) elicits more beneficial effects on left-ventricular (LV) structure and function, and long-term clinical outcomes in nonischemic heart failure patients. Rates of β-blocker use in recent heart failure trials are higher than in CRT trials and this may influence the response to CRT. This study examined the long-term effects of CRT on LV structure and function in New York Heart Association class III-IV β-blocker-treated patients. METHODS: One hundred and four (41 ischemic and 63 nonischemic) CRT patients, who were receiving β-blockers before and throughout 12 months following device implantation, were retrospectively selected. Variations in echocardiographic parameters recorded before, and 6 and 12 months after CRT were analyzed. RESULTS: Selected patients were all stable on β-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (97%) and diuretics (97%) before implantation. CRT was associated with significant improvements in LV morphological and systo-diastolic functional parameters at 6 months, with further improvements between 6 and 12 months seen in nonischemic patients only. Accordingly, rates of echocardiographic response to CRT were similar at 6 months but significantly higher in nonischemic patients after 1 year. The degree of reduction in LV diameters and volumes, and of increase in ejection fraction, was significantly larger in nonischemic patients at both 6 and 12 months. In addition, a significant reduction in LV mass and severity of mitral regurgitation was more evident in nonischemic patients both 6 and 12 months following CRT. CONCLUSIONS: Ischemic aetiology of heart failure is associated with less favorable long-term effects of CRT on LV structure and function despite the systematic use of β-blockers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/31630
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