Hyperlipidemias, and notably hypercholesterolemia, represent important risk factors for atherosclerotic vascular disease. The enzymatic inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, a selective and specific key enzyme involved in endogenous cholesterol synthesis, cause a significant mean reduction in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, both in familial and nonfamilial hypercholesterolemic forms. It has been hypothesized that these compounds might interfere with vitamin D endogenous synthesis secondarily to their effects on cholesterol. To verify this hypothesis, we studied 14 hypercholesterolemic patients treated as follows: 4 weeks of low-lipid, fiber-rich diet followed by 8 weeks of pravastatin treatment at the oral evening dose of 20 mg/d and by a 1-month washout period. No significant changes in serum calcium, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D were noticed; on the contrary, significant (P < 0.01) reductions in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol and a significant (P < 0.05) increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were observed. After the final 1-month washout period, all values returned to baseline levels. In conclusion, our study confirms the clinical efficacy of pravastatin on lipid fractions and demonstrates the absence of any interference on the circulating levels of the main vitamin D metabolites

Montagnani, M., Loré, F., DI CAIRANO, G., Gonnelli, S., Ciuoli, C., Montagnani, A., et al. (1994). Effects of pravastatin treatment on vitamin D metabolites. CLINICAL THERAPEUTICS, 16(5), 824-829.

Effects of pravastatin treatment on vitamin D metabolites

Loré F;DI CAIRANO, GIOVANNI;GONNELLI, STEFANO;
1994-01-01

Abstract

Hyperlipidemias, and notably hypercholesterolemia, represent important risk factors for atherosclerotic vascular disease. The enzymatic inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, a selective and specific key enzyme involved in endogenous cholesterol synthesis, cause a significant mean reduction in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, both in familial and nonfamilial hypercholesterolemic forms. It has been hypothesized that these compounds might interfere with vitamin D endogenous synthesis secondarily to their effects on cholesterol. To verify this hypothesis, we studied 14 hypercholesterolemic patients treated as follows: 4 weeks of low-lipid, fiber-rich diet followed by 8 weeks of pravastatin treatment at the oral evening dose of 20 mg/d and by a 1-month washout period. No significant changes in serum calcium, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D were noticed; on the contrary, significant (P < 0.01) reductions in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol and a significant (P < 0.05) increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were observed. After the final 1-month washout period, all values returned to baseline levels. In conclusion, our study confirms the clinical efficacy of pravastatin on lipid fractions and demonstrates the absence of any interference on the circulating levels of the main vitamin D metabolites
Montagnani, M., Loré, F., DI CAIRANO, G., Gonnelli, S., Ciuoli, C., Montagnani, A., et al. (1994). Effects of pravastatin treatment on vitamin D metabolites. CLINICAL THERAPEUTICS, 16(5), 824-829.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/31496
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