Relatively high doses of oral aspirin are needed to afford a significant protective effect against the bronchial obstructive reaction to ultrasonically nebulized distilled water (UNDW) in asthmatic patients. Sodium salicylate at similar doses and indomethacin at normal dose afford no protection. The present study was undertaken to assess the protective activity of these drugs taken by inhalation. Thirteen asthmatic patients performed two UNDW challenges 20 minutes and 24 hours after inhalation of 900 mg lysine acetylsalicylate (L-ASA) or placebo. The volume of UNDW causing a 20\% fall in FEV1 (UNDW PD20) was calculated by linear interpolation on the dose-response curve. UNDW response after placebo was not significantly different from the preliminary test (PD20 4.3 +/- 0.7 and 4.1 +/- 04 ml, respectively, mean +/- SE), whereas after L-ASA, UNDW PD20 increased to 17 +/- 2.7 ml (p < 0.01 vs placebo) and remained significantly increased after 24 hours. In another group of 12 patients under the same experimental conditions, an equivalent dose of inhaled sodium salicylate caused no effect. Finally, in a third group of asthmatic patients pretreatment with inhaled indomethacin at two dose levels (6 patients, 25 mg; 10 patients, 50 mg) resulted in a significant dose-related protective effect. These findings indicate that inhaled indomethacin and especially L-ASA exert against UNDW-induced bronchoconstriction a potent protective effect, which appears to be mediated by inhibition of local prostaglandin synthesis in the airways. This fact could have therapeutic implications.

S., B., A., V., Pieroni, M., M., R., Refini, R.M., & Sestini, P. (1992). Protective activity of inhaled nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs on bronchial responsiveness to ultrasonically nebulized water. JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY, 90, 833-839.

Protective activity of inhaled nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs on bronchial responsiveness to ultrasonically nebulized water.

PIERONI, MARIA;REFINI, ROSA METELLA;SESTINI, PIERSANTE
1992

Abstract

Relatively high doses of oral aspirin are needed to afford a significant protective effect against the bronchial obstructive reaction to ultrasonically nebulized distilled water (UNDW) in asthmatic patients. Sodium salicylate at similar doses and indomethacin at normal dose afford no protection. The present study was undertaken to assess the protective activity of these drugs taken by inhalation. Thirteen asthmatic patients performed two UNDW challenges 20 minutes and 24 hours after inhalation of 900 mg lysine acetylsalicylate (L-ASA) or placebo. The volume of UNDW causing a 20\% fall in FEV1 (UNDW PD20) was calculated by linear interpolation on the dose-response curve. UNDW response after placebo was not significantly different from the preliminary test (PD20 4.3 +/- 0.7 and 4.1 +/- 04 ml, respectively, mean +/- SE), whereas after L-ASA, UNDW PD20 increased to 17 +/- 2.7 ml (p < 0.01 vs placebo) and remained significantly increased after 24 hours. In another group of 12 patients under the same experimental conditions, an equivalent dose of inhaled sodium salicylate caused no effect. Finally, in a third group of asthmatic patients pretreatment with inhaled indomethacin at two dose levels (6 patients, 25 mg; 10 patients, 50 mg) resulted in a significant dose-related protective effect. These findings indicate that inhaled indomethacin and especially L-ASA exert against UNDW-induced bronchoconstriction a potent protective effect, which appears to be mediated by inhibition of local prostaglandin synthesis in the airways. This fact could have therapeutic implications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/30980
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