Inhaled frusemide effectively prevents the bronchial obstructive response to allergens and to a number of nonallergic stimuli. In most of the experimental models in which it has been tested, the protective effect of frusemide has been evaluated for only a short time after administration. In aspirin-sensitive patients, acetylsalicylic acid causes an asthmatic reaction which typically lasts for 2 h or more after exposure. We investigated the presence and duration of the protective effect of inhaled frusemide against the bronchial response to aspirin in sensitive patients, using a specific inhalation challenge with lysine acetylsalicylate (LASA). In the first study, eight subjects with aspirin-asthma underwent two bronchial challenges with a single dose of lysine acetylsalicylate administered through a jet nebulizer, after treatment with 40 mg inhaled frusemide or placebo, according to a randomized, double-blind protocol. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) was monitored for 120 min after challenge. In the second study in eight patients, the protocol was modified by the use of a dosimeter for delivery of lysine acetylsalicylate, by reducing the dose of lysine acetylsalicylate to avoid intense reactions, and by extending the follow-up to 4 h. In the first study, after placebo, FEV1 gradually decreased, reaching a maximum decrement of 39 +/- 3\% at 120min. Inhaled frusemide exerted a significant protection at all time-points, although this activity appeared to decrease with time. In the second study, after placebo, inhaled lysine acetylsalicylate caused a gradual decrease in FEV1, which reached a maximum decrement at 180 min.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Sestini, P., Pieroni, M., Refini, R.M., M., R., G., G., S., S., et al. (1994). Time-limited protective effect of inhaled frusemide against aspirin-induced bronchoconstriction in aspirin-sensitive asthmatics. EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL, 7, 1825-1829.
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|Titolo:||Time-limited protective effect of inhaled frusemide against aspirin-induced bronchoconstriction in aspirin-sensitive asthmatics.|
|Citazione:||Sestini, P., Pieroni, M., Refini, R.M., M., R., G., G., S., S., et al. (1994). Time-limited protective effect of inhaled frusemide against aspirin-induced bronchoconstriction in aspirin-sensitive asthmatics. EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL, 7, 1825-1829.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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