1. Linomide (N-phenylmethyl-1,2-dihydro-4-hydroxyl-1-methyl-2-oxoquinoline-3-carb oxa mide) inhibits vascular proliferation and has been proposed as an antiangiogenic drug. We have investigated the vascular effect of linomide in rabbit aortic and saphenous vein ring preparations and in rat cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). 2. Linomide (25-300 micrograms ml-1) did not alter the basal tone of the preparations. The drug induced a concentration-dependent relaxant effect in aortic rings with endothelium, preconstricted by noradrenaline (NA), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and by the thromboxane mimetic U46619. 3. The degree of relaxation induced by linomide was significantly reduced by exposure to the cyclooxygenase inhibitors indomethacin (3 microM) and acetylsalicylic acid (500 microM), and was not influenced by pretreatment with the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (100 microM) in aortic rings with endothelium, preconstricted with NA. 4. Endothelium removal significantly reduced the relaxant response to linomide in aortic ring preparations. 5. A concentration-dependent relaxant response was observed also in rabbit saphenous vein preparations deprived of endothelium and preconstricted either by NA or U46619. The degree of relaxation obtained in a high potassium solution was consistently smaller than that observed in NA-pretreated venous preparations. 6. The vasorelaxant effect of linomide was consistently blunted by the adenylate cyclase inhibitor SQ 22536 (50 microM), both in intact aortic rings and in those deprived of endothelium. 7. In rat cultured vascular smooth muscle cells, linomide (100-200 micrograms ml-1) induced a significant increase in cyclic AMP levels, which was blocked by exposure to 50 microM SQ 22536. 8. In endothelium-deprived aortic ring preparations, the linomide-induced relaxant effect was greatly reduced in high potassium medium (KCl = 25 mM). Pretreatment with the ATP potassium channel inhibitor glibenclamide (3 microM) significantly reduced the linomide-induced relaxation. 9. The results show that linomide possesses a vasorelaxant effect which is attributable to both endothelium-dependent and -independent properties. While the former component of the drug's activity is apparently due to the release of a prostanoid from endothelial cells, the endothelium-independent mechanism involved in linomide relaxation is linked to cyclic AMP accumulation and to ATP-sensitive potassium channel activation in VSMCs.
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|Titolo:||Vasorelaxant effects induced by the antiangiogenic drug linomide in aortic and saphenous vein preparations of the rabbit.|
|Citazione:||S., A., S., F., A., P., F., L., & Ziche, M. (1997). Vasorelaxant effects induced by the antiangiogenic drug linomide in aortic and saphenous vein preparations of the rabbit. BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, 122(8), 1739-1745.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|