Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a genetically transmitted small vessel disease clinically characterized by migraine, recurrent subcortical strokes, and cognitive and mood disorders. Pathogenic mutations are located on any of the exons of the NOTCH3 gene coding for epidermal-growth factor (EGF)-like repeats of the extracellular domain of the NOTCH3 receptor. Because the gene is large and the mutations cluster on some exons, many laboratories restrict the analysis to these exons. We report the first missense mutation involving exon 24 and causing CADASIL in a 64-year-old man. The patient was admitted to the hospital for a loss of consciousness accompanied by profuse sweating. On examination, some parkinsonian features were present. Over the last 4 years, he had developed postural instability and gait disturbances with repeated falls, behavioral disorders, and cognitive impairment. A diagnostic hypothesis of atypical parkinsonism had been advanced. The presence of multiple subcortical lacunar infarcts and leukoencephalopathy extended to the external capsule on cerebral MRI suggested the presence of CADASIL. The diagnosis was confirmed by finding a heterozygous mutation leading to a cysteine substitution on exon 24 of the NOTCH3 gene. One proband's brother, who had progressive gait disturbances, unilateral action tremor and bradykinesia, and an asymptomatic niece also resulted affected. This report underlines that when CADASIL is suspected the genetic analysis should be performed on all the NOTCH3 exons coding for EGF-like repeats including exon 24 and confirms that CADASIL may have heterogeneous phenotypes.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Scheda prodotto in fase di analisi da parte dello staff di validazione
|Titolo:||First report of a pathogenic mutation on exon 24 of the NOTCH3 gene in a CADASIL family.|
|Citazione:||Valenti, R., Bianchi, S., Pescini, F., D'Eramo, C., Inzitari, D., Dotti, M., et al. (2011). First report of a pathogenic mutation on exon 24 of the NOTCH3 gene in a CADASIL family. JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, 258(9), 1632-1636.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|