Emerging evidence suggests that infection by CagA-positive Helicobacter pylori strains is related to the development of more serious gastroduodenal diseases, thus conferring to the determination of anti-CagA antibodies a relevant clinical significance in serological screenings. The detection of anti-CagA positivity in sera negative for anti-H. pylori antibodies raises the question of whether this apparently nonsense result is merely due to a false positive reaction. To address this issue, we compared three different methods for the detection of anti-CagA antibodies. In all, 272 selected sera from patients with precisely defined H. pylori status (positive or negative concordance of five tests, ie, histology by Giemsa in both antrum and corpus, rapid urease test, culture, [13C]urea breath test, IgG ELISA) were tested for anti-CagA reactivity by three different techniques (western immunoblotting, ELISA, and recombinant immunoblotting assay). In order to assess the sensibility and specificity of each tests, we considered as "true" anti-CagA positive sera those with two out of three positive results. Sera from 70% of H. pylori-positive patients and 10% from H. pylori-negative patients turned out to be "true" positives for anti-CagA antibodies. The three methods showed similar excellent results, in terms of both sensitivity and specificity, always over 93%. It is confirmed that a proportion of patients with a negative conventional serology against H. pylori possess anti-CagA antibodies in their sera. In this paper we demonstrate that it can happen even in patients without any biological signs of actual H. pylori infection. The possibility that this can be due to a false positive laboratory result is very likely ruled out by the accuracy of the three methods used. The clinical management of these patients needs further study on larger series.

Fusconi, M., Vaira, D., Menegatti, M., Farinelli, S., & Figura, N. (1999). Anti-CagA reactivity in Helicobacter pylorii negative subjects: a comparison of three different methods. DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES, 44, 1691-1695.

Anti-CagA reactivity in Helicobacter pylorii negative subjects: a comparison of three different methods

FIGURA, NATALE
1999

Abstract

Emerging evidence suggests that infection by CagA-positive Helicobacter pylori strains is related to the development of more serious gastroduodenal diseases, thus conferring to the determination of anti-CagA antibodies a relevant clinical significance in serological screenings. The detection of anti-CagA positivity in sera negative for anti-H. pylori antibodies raises the question of whether this apparently nonsense result is merely due to a false positive reaction. To address this issue, we compared three different methods for the detection of anti-CagA antibodies. In all, 272 selected sera from patients with precisely defined H. pylori status (positive or negative concordance of five tests, ie, histology by Giemsa in both antrum and corpus, rapid urease test, culture, [13C]urea breath test, IgG ELISA) were tested for anti-CagA reactivity by three different techniques (western immunoblotting, ELISA, and recombinant immunoblotting assay). In order to assess the sensibility and specificity of each tests, we considered as "true" anti-CagA positive sera those with two out of three positive results. Sera from 70% of H. pylori-positive patients and 10% from H. pylori-negative patients turned out to be "true" positives for anti-CagA antibodies. The three methods showed similar excellent results, in terms of both sensitivity and specificity, always over 93%. It is confirmed that a proportion of patients with a negative conventional serology against H. pylori possess anti-CagA antibodies in their sera. In this paper we demonstrate that it can happen even in patients without any biological signs of actual H. pylori infection. The possibility that this can be due to a false positive laboratory result is very likely ruled out by the accuracy of the three methods used. The clinical management of these patients needs further study on larger series.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/30303
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