The protection of Helicobacter pylori from the gastric acid exerted by urease is based on an increase of the bacterial periplasmic pH and membrane potential. Ammonia generated from urea induces apoptosis of gastric cells in vitro, and inhibits gastric somatostatin release in animals, which could have consequences on the physiology of digestion in general. The type s1/m1 structure of the vacA gene is associated with the production of high levels of cytotoxin. Strains with m2 region type, formerly considered devoid of toxic activity, are fully toxic when assayed with cell lines other than HeLa cells, which possibly lack receptors for m2 VacA type. The enhanced gastric mucosa damage associated with infection by cytotoxic organisms could be explained by the varying of effects exerted by VacA on target cells: extracellular secretion of acidic hydrolases, cytoskeletal alterations, actin rearrangement, reduction of epidermal growth factor binding to its receptor, inhibition of the stimulation of CD4+ T cells proliferation induced by the antigen presenting cells. Organisms that possess the pathogenicity island cag (cag+) induce an increased inflammation and transduction of signals to the host cells; however, they reduce the apoptosis of colonised cells. The results of an investigation on the possible influence of a variable cagA status on the extension of apoptosis have indicated that this kind of programmed death is disengaged from the possession of cagA by Helicobacter pylori organisms colonising the same gastric areas. It is likely that the whole pathogenic potential of cag+ organisms is far from being completely explored, as suggested by the recent finding that the expression of a bacterial adhesin (called BabA) involved in binding to the blood group antigen Lewis b is associated with the presence of cag.

Figura, N., Vindigni, C., Presenti, L., & Carducci, A. (1998). New acquisitions in Helicobacter pylori characterisitcs. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, 30 (suppl. 3), S254-8.

New acquisitions in Helicobacter pylori characterisitcs

FIGURA, NATALE;
1998

Abstract

The protection of Helicobacter pylori from the gastric acid exerted by urease is based on an increase of the bacterial periplasmic pH and membrane potential. Ammonia generated from urea induces apoptosis of gastric cells in vitro, and inhibits gastric somatostatin release in animals, which could have consequences on the physiology of digestion in general. The type s1/m1 structure of the vacA gene is associated with the production of high levels of cytotoxin. Strains with m2 region type, formerly considered devoid of toxic activity, are fully toxic when assayed with cell lines other than HeLa cells, which possibly lack receptors for m2 VacA type. The enhanced gastric mucosa damage associated with infection by cytotoxic organisms could be explained by the varying of effects exerted by VacA on target cells: extracellular secretion of acidic hydrolases, cytoskeletal alterations, actin rearrangement, reduction of epidermal growth factor binding to its receptor, inhibition of the stimulation of CD4+ T cells proliferation induced by the antigen presenting cells. Organisms that possess the pathogenicity island cag (cag+) induce an increased inflammation and transduction of signals to the host cells; however, they reduce the apoptosis of colonised cells. The results of an investigation on the possible influence of a variable cagA status on the extension of apoptosis have indicated that this kind of programmed death is disengaged from the possession of cagA by Helicobacter pylori organisms colonising the same gastric areas. It is likely that the whole pathogenic potential of cag+ organisms is far from being completely explored, as suggested by the recent finding that the expression of a bacterial adhesin (called BabA) involved in binding to the blood group antigen Lewis b is associated with the presence of cag.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/30233
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