We recently demonstrated that substance P mediates increased permeability of brain endothelium exposed to HIV-1 gp120. To test whether substance P is involved in immune processes at the blood-brain barrier (BBB), we stimulated rat brain endothelial cultures prepared from cerebral microvessels with Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), two proinflammatory cytokines that alter the BBB and measured permeability to albumin and expression of adhesion molecule ICAM-1 and MHC class II antigen in the presence and absence of spantide, a powerful substance P antagonist. In a dose-dependent manner, spantide completely neutralized increased permeability induced by TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma and expression of MHC class II molecule induced by IFN-gamma and prevented associated cell morphological changes as revealed by scanning electron microscope. Spantide also reduced expression of ICAM-1 induced by TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma by 35% and 30%, respectively. Substance P mRNA was found in unstimulated brain endothelial cells and was upregulated after stimulation with TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma. These in vitro findings demonstrate that substance P plays a major pathogenetic role in damaging and activating the BBB vascular component in the presence of proinflammatory cytokines.

Annunziata, P., Cioni, C., Santonini, R., & Paccagnini, E. (2002). Substance P antagonist blocks leakage and reduces activation of cytokine-stimulated rat brain endothelium. JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY, 131, 41-49 [10.1016/S0165-5728(02)00262-X].

Substance P antagonist blocks leakage and reduces activation of cytokine-stimulated rat brain endothelium.

ANNUNZIATA, PASQUALE;CIONI, CHIARA;PACCAGNINI E.
2002

Abstract

We recently demonstrated that substance P mediates increased permeability of brain endothelium exposed to HIV-1 gp120. To test whether substance P is involved in immune processes at the blood-brain barrier (BBB), we stimulated rat brain endothelial cultures prepared from cerebral microvessels with Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), two proinflammatory cytokines that alter the BBB and measured permeability to albumin and expression of adhesion molecule ICAM-1 and MHC class II antigen in the presence and absence of spantide, a powerful substance P antagonist. In a dose-dependent manner, spantide completely neutralized increased permeability induced by TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma and expression of MHC class II molecule induced by IFN-gamma and prevented associated cell morphological changes as revealed by scanning electron microscope. Spantide also reduced expression of ICAM-1 induced by TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma by 35% and 30%, respectively. Substance P mRNA was found in unstimulated brain endothelial cells and was upregulated after stimulation with TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma. These in vitro findings demonstrate that substance P plays a major pathogenetic role in damaging and activating the BBB vascular component in the presence of proinflammatory cytokines.
Annunziata, P., Cioni, C., Santonini, R., & Paccagnini, E. (2002). Substance P antagonist blocks leakage and reduces activation of cytokine-stimulated rat brain endothelium. JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY, 131, 41-49 [10.1016/S0165-5728(02)00262-X].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/30220
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo