Background: Recurrent otitis media with effusion (OME) is a leading cause of acquired hearing loss in childhood. Histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) is an important cause of preterm delivery and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Here, we tested the hypothesis of an association between recurrent OME during the first 3 years of life and HCA in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: A total of 110 randomly selected VLBW preterm newborns with HCA and 135 gestational age and gender-matched, HCA-negative VLBW infants were evaluated prospectively during the first 3 years of life for the presence of OME, as diagnosed on the basis of otoscopy, type B or C tympanogram, ipsilateral absence of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions responses, and ipsilaterally increased threshold at diagnostic auditory brain responses evaluation. Potential risk factors for OME were also examined in the two groups.

DE FELICE, C., DE CAPUA, B., Costantini, D., Martufi, C., Toti, P., Tonni, G., et al. (2008). Recurrent otitis media with effusion in preterm infants with histologic chorioamnionitis--a 3 years follow-up study. EARLY HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, 84, 667-671 [10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2008.04.008].

Recurrent otitis media with effusion in preterm infants with histologic chorioamnionitis--a 3 years follow-up study

TOTI, PAOLO;
2008

Abstract

Background: Recurrent otitis media with effusion (OME) is a leading cause of acquired hearing loss in childhood. Histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) is an important cause of preterm delivery and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Here, we tested the hypothesis of an association between recurrent OME during the first 3 years of life and HCA in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: A total of 110 randomly selected VLBW preterm newborns with HCA and 135 gestational age and gender-matched, HCA-negative VLBW infants were evaluated prospectively during the first 3 years of life for the presence of OME, as diagnosed on the basis of otoscopy, type B or C tympanogram, ipsilateral absence of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions responses, and ipsilaterally increased threshold at diagnostic auditory brain responses evaluation. Potential risk factors for OME were also examined in the two groups.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/29538
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